Troy Blackburn

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Knee valgus is a potential risk factor for lower extremity (LE) injuries. Clinical movement screenings and passive range of motion (PROM) measurements may help identify neuromuscular patterns, which contribute to knee valgus. The purpose of this study was to compare LE muscle activation and PROM between subjects who display visual medial knee displacement(More)
CONTEXT Anterior tibial shear force and knee valgus moment increase anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) loading. Muscle coactivation of the quadriceps and hamstrings influences anterior tibial shear force and knee valgus moment, thus potentially influencing ACL loading and injury risk. Therefore, identifying exercises that facilitate balanced activation of the(More)
Electromyographic (EMG) amplitude and mechanical tension are directly related during isometric contraction. Maximal voluntary isometric contractions are typically elicited through two different procedures; resisting a load, which is eccentric in nature, and contracting against an immovable object, which is concentric in nature. A wealth of literature exists(More)
Extended use of knee sleeves in populations at risk for knee osteoarthritis progression has shown functional and quality of life benefits; however, additional comprehensive kinematic and kinetic analyses are needed to determine possible physical mechanisms of these benefits which may be due to the sleeve's ability to enhance knee proprioception. A novel(More)
The non-enzymatic peroxidation product of arachidonic acid, 8-epi-PGF2alpha or 8-isoprostane (8-IP) was measured in H2O2-exposed cultured pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) monolayers using a commercially-available enzyme immunoassay kit. H2O2 (50 microM for 1-30 min) significantly increased 8-IP production in a time-dependent fashion. Treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND The force responsible for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries remains controversial. The patella tendon to tibial shaft angle causes an anterior tibial shear force with quadriceps activation. HYPOTHESIS An aggressive quadriceps contraction can injure the ACL. METHODS The authors characterized noncontact ACL injury and(More)
This study compared the biomechanics of jump landing tasks used in ACL research. Twenty-seven female subjects performed a drop landing (DL), a drop landing with a vertical jump (DVJ), and a forward jump landing with a vertical jump (FVJ). We hypothesized that as one progressed from the drop landing through the forward-vertical jump that the kinematic and(More)
This is the official guideline endorsed by the specialty associations involved in the care of head and neck cancer patients in the UK. It provides recommendations on the work up and management of lateral skull base cancer based on the existing evidence base for this rare condition. Recommendations • All patients with more than one of: chronic otalgia,(More)
iii Excessive foot pronation is associated with biomechanical alterations which contribute to common lower extremity (LE) injuries. We compared ankle, knee, and hip kinematics and activation of the gluteus maximus and medius and hip adductors during gait and double and single-leg squatting tasks between individuals with " pronated " and " normal " static(More)
YUKIKO MAKIHARA: Functional Implications of H-reflex Modulation and Modification in Human Soleus, Medial Gastrocnemius, and Lateral Gastrocnemius Muscles (Under the direction of Richard L. Segal) Sensorimotor integration of the central nervous system (CNS) plays an important role in motor control. In order to evaluate this highly complicated phenomenon, the(More)