Troels Krarup

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Incretin hormones importantly enhance postprandial insulin secretion but are rapidly degraded to inactive metabolites by ubiquitous dipeptidyl peptidase IV. The concentrations of the intact biologically active hormones remain largely unknown. Using newly developed assays for intact glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic(More)
We have previously shown that type 2 diabetic patients have decreased plasma concentrations of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) compared with healthy subjects after ingestion of a standard mixed meal. This decrease could be caused by differences in the metabolism of GLP-1. The objective of this study was to examine the pharmacokinetics of GLP-1 in healthy(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are incretin hormones secreted in response to meal ingestion, thereby enhancing postprandial insulin secretion. Therefore, an attenuated incretin response could contribute to the impaired insulin responses in patients with diabetes mellitus. The aim of the present(More)
Male reproductive function seems to have deteriorated considerably during the past 4-5 decades. However, studies of the reproductive function in unselected populations have not previously been reported. As the large majority of young men in Denmark are subjected to a compulsory medical examination for military service, this provided a unique opportunity to(More)
AIM To examine the effects of 12 weeks of treatment with the DPP-4 inhibitor, sitagliptin, on gastrointestinal hormone responses to a standardized mixed meal and beta cell secretory capacity, measured as glucose and non-glucose induced insulin secretion during a hyperglycaemic clamp, in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHOD A double-blinded,(More)
The role of preserved beta-cell function in preventing ketoacidosis in type I insulin-dependent diabetes was assessed in eight patients with and seven patients without residual beta-cell function as determined from C-peptide concentrations. After 12 hours of insulin fatty-acid, and glycerol concentrations were all significantly higher in patients without(More)
The effect of the insulinotropic incretin hormone, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), is preserved in typical middle-aged, obese, insulin-resistant type 2 diabetic patients, whereas a defective amplification of the so-called late-phase plasma insulin response (20-120 min) to glucose by the other incretin hormone, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide(More)
In a prospective, randomized study 60 patients with prostatism caused by small prostate glands (estimated weight < 20 g) had either transurethral prostatectomy (TURP, n = 31) or transurethral incision of the prostate (TUI, n = 29). Operating time and blood loss were significantly less in the group that underwent TUI. There were no differences between the(More)
AIMS To examine whether 12 weeks of treatment with a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, sitagliptin, influences the insulin secretion induced by glucose, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) during a hyperglycaemic clamp in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS A randomized, double-blind,(More)
In torsion of the testis a large proportion of testes saved by surgery develop secondary atrophy. External manual reduction may be used as a first treatment, but surgical fixation is mandatory before the patient leaves the hospital. Prophylactic fixation of the contralateral testis should always be performed as 30% of the patients will otherwise develop(More)