Tristan Nowak

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PURPOSE At present, no established methods exist for dosimetry in micro computed tomography (micro-CT). The purpose of this study was therefore to investigate practical concepts for both dosimetric scanner quality assurance and tissue dose assessment for micro-CT. METHODS The computed tomography dose index (CTDI) was adapted to micro-CT and measurements(More)
PURPOSE Currently, only iodine- and barium-based contrast media (CM) are used in clinical contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT). High-Z metals would produce a higher contrast at equal mass density for the x-ray spectra used in clinical CT. Using such materials might allow for significant dose reductions in CE-CT. The purpose of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVES Dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging allows assessing functional information in addition to morphology using various modalities. Several applications have been established in clinical practice; however, there is no standard with respect to injection protocols or postprocessing algorithms. The purpose of this study was to develop a phantom for(More)
To evaluate the potential of in vivo dynamic contrast-enhanced micro-computed tomography (DCE micro-CT) for the assessment of antiangiogenic drug therapy response of mice with mammary carcinoma. 20 female mice with implanted MCF7 tumours were split into control group and therapy group treated with a known effective antiangiogenic drug. All mice underwent(More)
One of the biggest challenges in dynamic contrast-enhanced CT is the optimal synchronization of scan start and duration with contrast medium administration in order to optimize image contrast and to reduce the amount of contrast medium. We present a new optically based approach, which was developed to investigate and optimize bolus timing and shape. The(More)
PURPOSE Modern computed tomography (CT) systems are supporting increasingly fast rotation speeds, which are a prerequisite for fast dynamic acquisition, e.g. in perfusion imaging, and for new modalities such as dedicated breast CT, where breathhold scanning is indicated. However, not all detector technologies are supporting the high frame rates that are(More)
PURPOSE To optimize micro-CT protocols with respect to x-ray spectra and thereby reduce radiation dose at unimpaired image quality. METHODS Simulations were performed to assess image contrast, noise, and radiation dose for different imaging tasks. The figure of merit used to determine the optimal spectrum was the dose-weighted contrast-to-noise ratio(More)
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