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Post-translational modification of histones and DNA methylation are important components of chromatin-level control of genome activity in eukaryotes. However, principles governing the combinatorial association of chromatin marks along the genome remain poorly understood. Here, we have generated epigenomic maps for eight histone modifications (H3K4me2 and 3,(More)
MOTIVATION Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) combined with DNA microarray is a high-throughput technology to investigate DNA-protein binding or chromatin/histone modifications. ChIP-chip data require adapted statistical method in order to identify enriched regions. All methods already proposed are based on the analysis of the log ratio (Ip/Input).(More)
Association mapping has permitted the discovery of major QTL in many species. It can be applied to existing populations and, as a consequence, it is generally necessary to take into account structure and relatedness among individuals in the statistical model to control false positives. We analytically studied power in association studies by computing(More)
Effective population sizes of 140 populations (including 60 dog breeds, 40 sheep breeds, 20 cattle breeds and 20 horse breeds) were computed using pedigree information and six different computation methods. Simple demographical information (number of breeding males and females), variance of progeny size, or evolution of identity by descent probabilities(More)
Compression and variable selection are two classical strategies to deal with large-dimension data sets in classification. We propose an alternative strategy, called aggregation, which consists of a clustering step of redundant variables and a compression step within each group. We develop a statistical framework to define tailored aggregation methods that(More)
BACKGROUND Microarray data must be normalized because they suffer from multiple biases. We have identified a source of spatial experimental variability that significantly affects data obtained with Cy3/Cy5 spotted glass arrays. It yields a periodic pattern altering both signal (Cy3/Cy5 ratio) and intensity across the array. RESULTS Using the variogram, a(More)
MOTIVATION The spatial conformation of the chromosome has a deep influence on gene regulation and expression. Hi-C technology allows the evaluation of the spatial proximity between any pair of loci along the genome. It results in a data matrix where blocks corresponding to (self-)interacting regions appear. The delimitation of such blocks is critical to(More)
MOTIVATION If there is insufficient RNA from the tissues under investigation from one organism, then it is common practice to pool RNA. An important question is to determine whether pooling introduces biases, which can lead to inaccurate results. In this article, we describe two biases related to pooling, from a theoretical as well as a practical point of(More)