Tristan Jover

Learn More
Lipid peroxidation and the cytotoxic by-product 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) have been implicated in neuronal perikaryal damage. This study sought to determine whether 4-HNE was involved in white matter damage in vivo and in vitro. Immunohistochemical studies detected an increase in cellular and axonal 4-HNE within the ischemic region in the rat after a 24-hour(More)
OBJECTIVE Endothelial dysfunction is claimed to play a role in the pathogenesis of delayed cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). We have examined the effect of experimental SAH on the modulatory action of endothelial and nonendothelial nitric oxide (NO) in the contractile response of goat middle cerebral artery to 5-hydroxytryptamine(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to identify the subtype of receptor mediating contraction to endothelin-1 and sarafotoxin S6b in goat isolated middle cerebral arteries. 2. Endothelin-1, endothelin-2 and endothelin-3 contracted cerebral arteries in a concentration-dependent manner. Although the three peptides were full agonists, the order of potency was(More)
Cocaine abuse has been increasingly associated with cerebrovascular disease. We have studied the vasoactive properties of cocaine in branches of human middle cerebral artery and in goat middle cerebral artery isolated in an organ bath for isometric tension recording. Cocaine (10(-5) - 3 x 10(-4) M) induced small contractions, while higher concentrations(More)
The isometric tension recorded from ring segments of branches of human middle cerebral artery was the parameter used to study the inhibition of spasmogen-induced contractions as model for cerebral vasospasm. Concentration-response curves to 5-hydroxytryptamine (10(-9)-3 x 10(-5) M) and prostaglandin F2 alpha (10(-7)-3 x 10(-5) M) were inhibited in(More)
1. In isolated goat middle cerebral artery segments, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, 10(-8) -3 x 10(-5)M) caused concentration-dependent contractions, with EC50 = 2.1 (1.9-2.5) x 10(-7) M and Emax = 60 +/- 2% of 50 mM KCl-induced contraction. 2. Mechanical removal of endothelium significantly increased the Emax (91 +/- 8%) and did not change the EC50 value of(More)
The role of endothelium-related factors in the pathogenesis of cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has gained interest since the discovery of endothelin-1 (ET-1). We have examined, before and after SAH, the responsiveness of the cerebrovascular bed of the goat to ET-1, the sources of Ca2+ in ET-1-induced responses, and the ability of the(More)
1. In isolated goat middle cerebral artery segments, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, 10(-8)-3 x 10(-5) M) elicited concentration-dependent contractions with EC50 = 2.1 (1.9-2.5) x 10(-7) M and Emax = 64 +/- 2% of 50 mM KCl-induced contraction. 2. Several 5-HT receptor agonists were used: (a) the agonist of 5-HT2 receptors alpha-methyl-5-hydroxy-tryptamine(More)
The activation of intracellular contractile proteins induces vascular contraction mediated through signal transduction mechanisms. Protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in this signal transduction. The purpose of the present study was designed to investigate the role of PKC on EtOH-, KCl- and phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBu)-induced contractions in isolated(More)
Using a cryogenic diamond anvil cell ~DAC! the pressure dependence of the superconducting transition temperature Tc of Tl2Ba2Ca2Cu3O101y ~Tl-2223! and Tl2Ba2Ca3Cu4O121y ~Tl-2234! has been measured resistively up to 21 GPa. At ambient pressure these compounds have Tc’s of 128.5 K and 113 K. At low pressures, the pressure dependence ]Tc /]p is 1.75 K/GPa in(More)