Trishul Siddharthan

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The prevalence of noncommunicable diseases in East Africa is rising rapidly. Although the epidemiologic, demographic, and nutritional transitions are well under way in low-income countries, investment and attention in these countries remain focused largely on communicable diseases. We discuss existing infrastructure in communicable disease management as(More)
BACKGROUND Socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong social determinant of health. There remains a limited understanding of the association between SES and COPD prevalence among low- and middle-income countries where the majority of COPD-related morbidity and mortality occurs. We examined the association between SES and COPD prevalence using data collected in(More)
More than half the world’s population lives in urban areas, and an estimated 863 million people currently live in urban slums. Although urbanisation is usually coupled with economic development, rural-to-urban migration can result in negative implications for respiratory health. Slum residents who live in informal settlements and who commonly have(More)
BACKGROUND Education in health policy and advocacy is recognized as an important component of health professional training. To date, curricula have only been assessed at the medical school level. OBJECTIVE We sought to address the gap in these curricula for residents and other health professionals in primary care. INNOVATION We created a health policy(More)
A growing number of pulmonary and critical care medicine fellowship programs in the United States offer global health training opportunities. Formal, integrated global health programs within pulmonary and critical care fellowships are relatively new but are built on principles and ideals of global health that focus on the mutually beneficial exchange of(More)
INTRODUCTION Few studies have described the prevalence of and lung function decline among those with a restrictive spirometric pattern (RSP) in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS We analyzed prospective data from 3055 adults recruited across four diverse settings in Peru over a 3-year period. Multivariable logistic regression was used to study the(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of non-communicable disease related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. Patient-centered care is an essential component of chronic disease management in high income settings. OBJECTIVE To examine feasibility of implementation of a validated patient-centered education tool among patients with heart failure in Uganda.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The majority of studies on CKD in SSA have been conducted among HIV-infected populations and mainly from large health facilities. We determined the prevalence of CKD and its predictors among populations in communities in central Uganda. METHODS(More)
Candida species are themost common cause of invasive fungal infections, accounting for 70% to90%ofhospital cases.1,2 Although theoverallUS incidenceof candidemia is lowamong nonneutropenic, critically ill adults (approximately2/1000 intensive care unit [ICU] admissions), candidemia results in a longer length of stay (≤1 month), costs in excess of $40000per(More)
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