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Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen with a high mortality rate that has also emerged as a paradigm for intracellular parasitism. We present and compare the genome sequences of L. monocytogenes (2,944,528 base pairs) and a nonpathogenic species, L. innocua (3,011,209 base pairs). We found a large number of predicted genes encoding surface and(More)
The ActA protein of the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes induces a dramatic reorganization of the actin-based cytoskeleton. Two profilin binding proteins, VASP and Mena, are the only cellular proteins known so far to bind directly to ActA. This interaction is mediated by a conserved module, the EVH1 domain. We identify E/DFPPPPXD/E, a motif(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of microbial genomes are being sequenced and deposited in public databases. In addition, several closely related strains are also being sequenced in order to understand the genetic basis of diversity and mechanisms that lead to the acquisition of new genetic traits. These exercises have necessitated the requirement for(More)
We examined eight spontaneously occurring rough mutants of Listeria monocytogenes for their ability to express two previously reported autolysins, p60 and MurA. All mutants lack MurA expression and show strongly reduced levels of extracellular p60. One rough strain harbors a variant of the p60 protein with a partially truncated catalytic domain. In seven(More)
BACKGROUND Several intracellular pathogens, including Listeria monocytogenes, use components of the host actin-based cytoskeleton for intracellular movement and for cell-to-cell spread. These bacterial systems provide relatively simple model systems with which to study actin-based motility. Genetic analysis of L. monocytogenes led to the identification of(More)
Small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) are widespread effectors of post-transcriptional gene regulation in bacteria. Currently extensive information exists on the sRNAs of Listeria monocytogenes expressed during growth in extracellular environments. We used deep sequencing of cDNAs obtained from fractioned RNA (<500 nt) isolated from extracellularly growing bacteria(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is an important food-borne pathogen and model organism for host-pathogen interaction, thus representing an invaluable target considering research on the forces governing the evolution of such microbes. The diversity of this species has not been exhaustively explored yet, as previous efforts have focused on analyses of serotypes(More)
Background: The opportunistic food-borne gram-positive pathogen Listeria monocytogenes can exist as a free-living microorganism in the environment and grow in the cytoplasm of vertebrate and invertebrate cells following infection. The general stress response, controlled by the alternative sigma factor, σ B , has an important role for bacterial survival both(More)
UNLABELLED In order to understand and interpret phylogenetic and functional relationships between multiple prokaryotic species, qualitative and quantitative data must be correlated and displayed. GECO allows linear visualization of multiple genomes using a client/server based approach by dynamically creating .png- or .pdf-formatted images. It is able to(More)
Listeria monocytogenes, a food-borne bacterial pathogen, enters mammalian cells by inducing its own phagocytosis. The listerial protein internalin (InlA) mediates bacterial adhesion and invasion of epithelial cells in the human intestine through specific interaction with its host cell receptor E-cadherin. We present the crystal structures of the functional(More)