Tricia R Cottrell

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Cryptococcus neoformans is a pathogenic fungus responsible for serious disease in immunocompromised individuals. This organism has recently been developed as an experimental system, with initiation of a genome project among other molecular advances. However, investigations of Cryptococcus are hampered by the technical difficulty of specific gene(More)
Cryptococcus neoformans is a fungal pathogen that is responsible for life-threatening disease, particularly in the context of compromised immunity. This organism makes extensive use of mannose in constructing its cell wall, glycoproteins, and glycolipids. Mannose also comprises up to two-thirds of the main cryptococcal virulence factor, a polysaccharide(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the pattern of skin involvement can predict clinical features, risk of restrictive lung disease (RLD) and survival in a large scleroderma (SSc) cohort. METHODS Demographic and clinical data collected over 30 years from 2205 patients with SSc were retrospectively analysed after subdividing subjects into four subtypes based on(More)
Double-stranded (ds) RNA interference (RNAi) is a recent technological advance that enables researchers to reduce gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. This form of RNA silencing is initiated by dsRNA, expressed in or introduced into a cell of interest, which triggers homology-dependent degradation of the corresponding mRNA. This versatile(More)
Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1)/programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) checkpoint blockade has led to remarkable and durable objective responses in a number of different tumor types. A better understanding of factors associated with the PD-1/PD-L axis expression is desirable, as it informs their potential role as prognostic and predictive biomarkers and(More)
Purpose: To explore factors associated with response and resistance to anti-PD-1 therapy, we analyzed multiple disease sites at autopsy in a patient with widely metastatic melanoma who had a heterogeneous response.Materials and Methods: Twenty-six melanoma specimens (four premortem, 22 postmortem) were subjected to whole exome sequencing. Candidate(More)
Purpose: PD-L1 expression in the pretreatment tumor microenvironment enriches for response to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapies. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare the performance of five monoclonal anti-PD-L1 antibodies used in recent landmark publications.Experimental Design: PD-L1 IHC was performed on 34 formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded(More)
High titer autoantibodies, which are often associated with specific clinical phenotypes, are useful diagnostically and prognostically in systemic autoimmune diseases. In several autoimmune rheumatic diseases (e.g. myositis and Sjogren's syndrome), 20-40% of patients are autoantibody negative as assessed by conventional assays. The recent discovery of new(More)
OBJECTIVE Scleroderma patients with autoantibodies to CENPs and/or interferon-inducible protein 16 (IFI-16) are at increased risk of severe vascular complications. This study was undertaken to determine whether these autoantigens are enriched in cells of the vasculature. METHODS Successive stages of embryoid bodies (EBs) as well as vascular progenitors(More)
PD-L1 expression in the tumor immune microenvironment is recognized as both a prognostic and predictive biomarker in patients with cutaneous melanoma, a finding closely related to its adaptive (IFN-γ-mediated) mechanism of expression. Approximately 35% of cutaneous melanomas express PD-L1, however, the expression patterns, levels, and prevalence in rarer(More)