Tricia M. Miller

Learn More
Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs), such as 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14) -prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), are active prostaglandin metabolites exerting a variety of biological effects that may be important in the pathogenesis of neurological diseases. Ubiquitin-C-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) is a brain specific deubiquitinating enzyme whose aberrant function has(More)
OBJECTIVES Therapeutic hypothermia is widely employed for neuroprotection after cardiac arrest. However, concern regarding elevated drug concentrations during hypothermia and increased adverse drug reaction risk complicates concurrent pharmacotherapy. Many commonly used medications in critically ill patients rely on the cytochrome P450 3A isoform for their(More)
Prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) is the most abundant prostaglandin in brain but its effect on neuronal cell death is complex and not completely understood. PGD2 may modulate neuronal cell death via activation of DP receptors or its metabolism to the cyclopentenone prostaglandins (CyPGs) PGJ2, Δ(12)-PGJ2 and 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-PGJ2, inducing cell death independently(More)
The cyclopentenone prostaglandin (CyPG) J2 series, including prostaglandin J2 (PGJ2), Δ12-PGJ2, and 15-deoxy-∆12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), are active metabolites of PGD2, exerting multiple effects on neuronal function. However, the physiologic relevance of these effects remains uncertain as brain concentrations of CyPGs have not been precisely(More)
Currently, there are few biomarkers to predict the risk of symptomatic cerebral vasospasm (SV) in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. Mono and dioxygenated arachidonic acid metabolites, involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic injury, may serve as indicators of SV. This study developed a quantitative UPLC-MS/MS method to simultaneously measure(More)
Metabolism of arachidonic acid by cytochrome P450 (CYP) to biologically active eicosanoids has been recognized increasingly as an integral mediator in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and metabolic disease. CYP epoxygenase-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic and dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (EET + DHET) and CYP ω-hydroxylase-derived 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic(More)
Cytochrome P450 (P450)-mediated metabolism of arachidonic acid regulates inflammation in hepatic and extrahepatic tissue. CYP2C/CYP2J-derived epoxyeicosatrienoic and dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (EET+DHET) elicit anti-inflammatory effects, whereas CYP4A/CYP4F-derived 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) is proinflammatory. Because the impact of(More)
The common complications in obesity and type 2 diabetes include hepatic steatosis and disruption of glucose-glycogen homeostasis, leading to hyperglycemia. Fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36), whose expression is inducible in obesity, is known for its function in fatty acid uptake. Previous work by us and others suggested that CD36 plays an important role in(More)
N-hydroxy-N'-(4-n-butyl-2-methylphenyl)formamidine (HET0016) is a potent inhibitor of 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) formation by specific cytochrome P450 isoforms. Previous studies have demonstrated that administration of HET0016 inhibits brain formation of 20-HETE and reduces brain damage in a rat model of thromboembolic stroke. Delineation of(More)
Blood plasma phospholipids from 45 patients with chronic gastritis and 20 healthy volunteers have been investigated. Chronic gastritis exacerbation is accompanied by essential change in the spectrum and concentration of the phospholipids. The absolute concentrations of the phospholipids and such fractions as phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine,(More)