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We compared the effects of different methods of surgical correction of equinus gait in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) using pre- and postoperative measurements of gait, electromyography (EMG), range of motion (ROM), and dynamic ankle motion. Operative results significantly improved all variables that produced more normal ankle motion in subjects,(More)
Little is known about the fate of the donor site after the central 1/3 of the patellar tendon is harvested for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. This study evaluated the donor site in the patellar tendon at various times after a graft from the central 1/3 of the patellar tendon was harvested. Fourteen patients were studied with magnetic resonance(More)
Over a ten-year period, fifty-one congenitally dislocated hips in forty-one patients, whose ages ranged from twelve to thirty-six months, required open reduction. Supplemental procedures such as derotational osteotomy, pericapsular (Pemberton) osteotomy, and femoral shortening were performed as necessary. All of the patients have been followed for at least(More)
Sixty-one idiopathic clubfeet in 46 patients of an older population were treated by one-stage posteromedial release. Follow-up roentgenograms revealed dorsal subluxation of the tarsal navicular in 43% of the clubfeet. This abnormality is probably due to both closed manipulation and casting, and improper positioning of the navicular during posteromedial(More)
Multiple soft-tissue releases (MSTRs) in cerebral palsy have been advocated to improve knee motion during gait. Forty-five extremities underwent MSTRs as recommended by preoperative gait analysis. Pre- and postoperative analyses were evaluated in relation to knee motion and foot progression angle. Maximum knee flexion during swing and the foot progression(More)
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is a rare congenital disorder in which the extremities are affected with severe resistant musculoskeletal contractures. In the upper extremity, these deformities typically consist of internal rotational contractures of the shoulder, extension deformity of the elbow, flexion and ulnar deviation of the wrist, thumb-in-palm(More)
A total of 19 triple arthrodeses were performed in 13 children aged 10 years or less for severe hindfoot deformities after failure of soft tissue releases. This was considered a salvage procedure and an alternative to talectomy. The average age at surgery was 8.4 years and average follow-up was 4 years. There were 68% excellent and good results, 16% fair,(More)
Eighteen consecutively seen patients who had a congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia were treated operatively. The mean age when the patients were first seen was four years. Seventeen previous procedures had failed: six patients had had one previous procedure; three, two previous procedures; and one, five previous procedures. At an average follow-up(More)