Learn More
BACKGROUND Chemoresistance of malignant melanoma has been linked to expression of the proto-oncogene BCL2. Antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) targeted against BCL2 mRNA decreased BCL2 protein concentrations, increased tumour-cell apoptosis, and led to tumour responses in a mouse xenotransplantation model when combined with systemic dacarbazine. This phase(More)
Mutations in the connexin 26 (Cx26) gene (GJB2) are associated with autosomal nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss. This study describes mutations in the Cx26 gene in cases of familial and sporadic hearing loss (HL) by gene sequencing and identifies the allelic frequency of the most common mutation leading to HL (35delG) in the population of eastern(More)
The microphthalmia transcription factor MITF plays a pivotal role in the development and differentiation of melanocytes. The purpose of this work was to investigate the expression and function of the melanocyte-specific isoform MITF-M in human melanoma. We found that MITF-M is repressed in 8 of 14 established melanoma cell lines tested. Transfection of(More)
OBJECTIVE Advanced dental packable and nonpackable composite materials have been recently introduced onto the market as 'amalgam alternatives' for the restoration of posterior teeth. Most established composites are applied in increments of no more than 2mm and light cured to ensure complete polymerization, whereas new formulations have been claimed to be(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the prevalence and importance of the maternally inherited A1555G mutation in the 12S rRNA gene in the Austrian population. STUDY DESIGN Investigation for mutations of genetically affected familial and sporadic cases of hearing impairment (HI), including analyses of audiometric data. SETTING Teaching hospital, tertiary referral(More)
This review is a survey of prospective studies on the clinical performance of posterior resin composites published between 1996 and 2002. Material, patient- and operator-specific data, observation periods, isolation methods of the operative field, and failure rates are detailed in tables. The data were evaluated statistically in order to assess the role of(More)
OBJECTIVES Although research interest in biocompatibility of dental materials has been increasing, findings are frequently controversial and non-harmonized experimental approaches often lead to the production of contradictory results. The aim of this study was to compare the cytotoxic effects of six different light-cured dental composites, one compomer, one(More)
OBJECTIVES The standardization protocols for biomaterial cytotoxicity testing require fine tuning for oral biomaterials to obtain international comparability as the basis for risk assessment. The principal aims were specifically to evaluate the effect of (i) relative interface area (ratio of specimen surface to cell layer surface) and (ii) volume of cell(More)
Malignant melanoma is a tumor that responds poorly to a variety of apoptosis-inducing treatment modalities, such as chemotherapy. The expression of genes that regulate apoptotic cell death plays an important role in determining the sensitivity of tumor cells to chemotherapeutic intervention. Bcl-x(L) is an antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family and is(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance to chemotherapy in glioblastoma has been linked to the expression of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family members including Bcl-xL. METHODS Bcl-xL expression was specifically reduced in M059K glioblastoma cells with antisense oligonucleotides (ISIS 16009, ISIS 16967) as assessed by Western blotting. Induction of apoptosis by treatment with(More)