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BACKGROUND Chemoresistance of malignant melanoma has been linked to expression of the proto-oncogene BCL2. Antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) targeted against BCL2 mRNA decreased BCL2 protein concentrations, increased tumour-cell apoptosis, and led to tumour responses in a mouse xenotransplantation model when combined with systemic dacarbazine. This phase(More)
Mutations in the connexin 26 (Cx26) gene (GJB2) are associated with autosomal nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss. This study describes mutations in the Cx26 gene in cases of familial and sporadic hearing loss (HL) by gene sequencing and identifies the allelic frequency of the most common mutation leading to HL (35delG) in the population of eastern(More)
Enzymes belonging to the protein kinase C (PKC) family represent one of the major mediators of signal transduction in melanocytes. To identify PKC isoforms that may be associated with the process of malignant transformation and metastasis, we investigated the expression pattern of 11 different PKC isoforms (alpha, beta I, beta II, gamma, delta, epsilon,(More)
OBJECTIVES Although research interest in biocompatibility of dental materials has been increasing, findings are frequently controversial and non-harmonized experimental approaches often lead to the production of contradictory results. The aim of this study was to compare the cytotoxic effects of six different light-cured dental composites, one compomer, one(More)
The microphthalmia transcription factor MITF plays a pivotal role in the development and differentiation of melanocytes. The purpose of this work was to investigate the expression and function of the melanocyte-specific isoform MITF-M in human melanoma. We found that MITF-M is repressed in 8 of 14 established melanoma cell lines tested. Transfection of(More)
OBJECTIVE Advanced dental packable and nonpackable composite materials have been recently introduced onto the market as 'amalgam alternatives' for the restoration of posterior teeth. Most established composites are applied in increments of no more than 2mm and light cured to ensure complete polymerization, whereas new formulations have been claimed to be(More)
PURPOSE Beta-2 adrenoceptor antagonists such as timolol have been used in the treatment of glaucoma for more than 30 years. Several functionally important polymorphisms for the beta-2 receptor have been described. In the present study we hypothesized that a relation between the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering effect of timolol and beta-2 adrenoceptor(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the prevalence and importance of the maternally inherited A1555G mutation in the 12S rRNA gene in the Austrian population. STUDY DESIGN Investigation for mutations of genetically affected familial and sporadic cases of hearing impairment (HI), including analyses of audiometric data. SETTING Teaching hospital, tertiary referral(More)
AIMS Skeletal myoblasts are used in repair of ischaemic myocardium. However, a large fraction of grafted myoblasts degenerate upon engraftment. Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) accelerates myoblast proliferation and angiogenesis. We hypothesized that CSF-1 overexpression improves myoblast survival and cardiac function in ischaemia-induced heart failure.(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by ventricular wall remodeling and an increased frequency of cardiac cell apoptosis. Apollon is a 528kD cell membrane-anchored protein that inhibits apoptosis by ubiquitinylation facilitating the degradation of Smac/Diablo and caspase-9. The present study tested the hypothesis that the(More)