Trevor Lester

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X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is an immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the gene coding for Bruton agammaglobulinemia tyrosine kinase (BTK). A database (BTKbase) of BTK mutations lists 544 mutation entries from 471 unrelated families showing 341 unique molecular events. In addition to mutations, a number of variants or polymorphisms have been found.(More)
BACKGROUND X linked hyper-IgM (XHIM) is a primary immunodeficiency caused by mutations in the tumour necrosis factor superfamily 5 gene, TNFSF5, also known as the CD40 ligand (CD40L) gene. Patients often present with recurrent infections, and confirmation of a diagnosis of XHIM enables appropriate therapeutic interventions, including replacement(More)
The three microsatellite repeat loci, DXS986, DXS995, and DXS1002, have been mapped to Xq13.2-21.1. We report here their relative order and their localisation within Xq21. These loci will be useful for the genetic mapping of disease loci in this region, in particular X linked deafness, as DXS995 lies in the region critical for this disorder.
We describe a family affected by X linked severe combined immunodeficiency (SCIDX1) in which genetic prediction of carrier status was made using X chromosome inactivation studies together with limited genetic linkage analysis. Linkage studies in this family showed a confusing pattern of inheritance for the X chromosome. A female with a random pattern of X(More)
Mutations in the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) gene result in XLA. Despite the large numbers of BTK mutations reported, no correlation can be made between the clinical phenotype and the gene defects. Analysis of Btk protein expression and activity in individuals with XLA was performed to characterize the relationship between a particular mutation, the(More)
X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA) is a B cell humoral abnormality arising from mutations in the gene encoding Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk). The phenotype of XLA can be variable, with some individuals having a less severe immunophenotype, although in most cases this cannot be correlated with the Btk mutation or expression of Btk protein. In this study we(More)
Tec family protein tyrosine kinases have in their N-terminus two domains. The PH domain is followed by Tec homology (TH) domain, which consists of two motifs. The first pattern, Btk motif, is also present in some Ras GAP molecules. C-terminal half of the TH domain, a proline-rich region, has been shown to bind to SH3 domains. Mutations in Bruton's tyrosine(More)
The severe combined immunodeficiencies (SCID) are a heterogeneous group of conditions arising from a variety of molecular defects. The X-linked form of SCID (X-SCID) is caused by defects in the common gamma chain (gammac), and is characterized by a T-B+NK- immunophenotype. This lymphocyte profile is seen in an autosomal recessive form of SCID caused by(More)
The ability of some bacteria to dissolve poorly soluble calcium phosphates (CaPs) has been termed 'mineral phosphate solubilizing' (MPS). Since most microorganisms and plants must assimilate P via membrane transport, biotransformation of CaP into soluble phosphate is considered an essential component of the global P cycle. In many Gram-negative bacteria,(More)
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