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OBJECTIVE Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is the most frequent pathological finding in pediatric epilepsy surgery patients. Several histopathological types of FCD are distinguished. The aim of the study was to define distinctive features of FCD subtypes. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed clinical, electroencephalographic, magnetic resonance imaging,(More)
PURPOSE Partial seizures in early postnatal life may be catastrophic and associated with poor long-term outcome. Epilepsy surgery can alleviate partial seizures in older children and adults, but there is little experience with surgical therapy in infancy apart from hemispheric epilepsy syndromes. METHODS We analyzed the results of cortical resection to(More)
We investigated a 6-month-old infant with daily episodes of left hemifacial contraction, head and eye deviation to the right, nystagmoid jerks to the right, autonomic dysfunction, and retained consciousness. The episodes began on day 1 of life and were unresponsive to antiepileptic medication. Interictal and ictal scalp electroencephalographic (EEG)(More)
Relatively little is known about language cortex representation in patients with developmental pathology and epilepsy. We report the results of mapping language by electrical stimulation of chronically implanted subdural electrodes in 34 patients (mean age, 12.2 years) evaluated for epilepsy surgery, 28 of whom had magnetic resonance imaging or histological(More)
BACKGROUND Two pathologic subtypes based on the presence or absence of balloon cells have been described in cortical dysplasia of Taylor (CDT). OBJECTIVE To determine whether the pathologic subtype has any distinct clinical or MRI features that are relevant to management. METHODS The histopathologic, clinical, and MRI features of 34 children with CDT(More)
Conventional cortical stimulation based on pulses of fixed duration briefer than the chronaxie rarely elicit responses in infants and young children. We developed a stimulation paradigm that relies on increments in both stimulus intensity and pulse duration. This approach ensures that stimulation parameters converge to the chronaxie by mathematically(More)
BACKGROUND Focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) is recognized as the major cause of focal intractable epilepsy in childhood. Various factors influencing postsurgical seizure outcome in pediatric patients with FCD have been reported. OBJECTIVE To analyze different variables in relation to seizure outcome in order to identify prognostic factors for selection of(More)
A 32-month-old child presented in status epilepticus (SE) involving the left side of the body. Fast spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging (FSE-MRI) with hippocampal volumetry performed < or = 24 h after the seizure showed increased T2 signal of the right hippocampus, but no atrophy. Complex partial seizures (CPS) appeared at age 33 months, and three more(More)
The aim of this study was to adapt the Australian Quality of Life in Childhood Epilepsy Questionnaire (QOLCE) and determine its psychometric properties in a North American population. Participants were North American families with children diagnosed with epilepsy. Parents were asked to complete the American QOLCE (USQOLCE) and the Child Health Questionnaire(More)
Children with medically resistant temporal lobe seizures that persist into adolescence often experience psychosocial deterioration and medical morbidity. It is therefore especially important to evaluate the contribution of surgical therapy in preadolescent children. We describe our experience with temporal lobectomy in 16 children less than 12 years (mean(More)