Trevor J. Davies

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Carbon, and particularly graphite in its various forms, is an attractive electrode material. Two areas of particular interest are modified carbon electrodes and carbon nanotube electrodes. In this article we focus on the relationship between surface structure and electrochemical and chemical reactivity of electrodes based on these materials. We overview(More)
The basis of the electrocatalytic nature of multi-wall carbon nanotubes is suggested to reside in electron transfer from the ends of nanotubes, which structurally resemble the behaviour of edge plane (as opposed to basal plane) graphite, and is demonstrated via the comparison of the electrochemical oxidation of epinephrine and the electrochemical reduction(More)
Electrocatalytic processes can take place either homogeneously in a single liquid phase or heterogeneously at the liquid-liquid interface formed in emulsions. This Article addresses the question as to whether a change in rate and/or mechanism can occur between the two possibilities. Specifically, cyclic voltammetry and electrosynthetic experiments are used(More)
Gold ultra-microelectrode arrays are used to explore the electrochemical oxidation of hydroxide ions and are shown to be analytical useful. Two types of ultra-microelectrode arrays are used; the first consist of 256 individual electrodes of 5 microm in radius, 170 of which are electrochemically active in a cubic arrangement which are separated from their(More)
A novel boron-doped diamond (BDD) microelectrode array is characterised with electrochemical and atomic force microscopic techniques. The array consists of 40 micron-diameter sized BDD discs which are separated by 250 microns from their nearest neighbour in a hexagonal arrangement. The conducting discs can be electroplated to produce arrays of copper,(More)
A simple, sensitive, and selective method for the detection of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) is presented. A carbon paste electrode has been constructed with trans-1,2-dibromocyclohexane (DBCH) acting as both the paste binder and a reactive material facilitating the electrocatalytic detection of the target. The latter reaction is based on the(More)
Arrays of microdisc electrodes have found widespread use in electroanalysis. These are commonly produced lithographically and practical arrays may contain up to hundreds of individual disc electrodes (e.g. of gold, platinum, indium,...) to maximise sensitivity and minimise limits of detection. Typically, however, the lithographic fabrication process is(More)
Proof-of-concept of the mediated electrosynthesis of carbon–carbon bonds in totally ‘green’ surfactant-free emulsion media generated by application of power ultrasound to a biphasic water–organic mixture is illustrated by reference to three systems, some requiring further activation by light, and each catalysed by vitamin B12. The voltammetry of aqueous(More)
Graphite felt (GF) is a mass produced porous carbon electrode material commonly used in redox flow batteries. Previous studies have suggested GF may have valuable applications in electroanalysis as a low cost disposable carbon electrode material, although most GF sensors have used flow cell arrangements. In this work, an elegant wetting technique is(More)