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Although several researchers have addressed the risk of congenital anomaly in relation to proximity to landfill sites, few have considered the risks of stillbirth or neonatal death for mothers who reside near landfills. The authors studied all 4,325 stillbirths, 3,430 neonatal deaths, and 1,569 lethal congenital anomalies that occurred among 287,993 births(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between depressive symptoms and diet quality, physical activity, and body composition among Nova Scotians. METHODS 4511 men and women aged 35-69 years were recruited to the Atlantic Partnership for Tomorrow's Health study from 2009 through 2010 in Nova Scotia, Canada. Depressive symptoms were assessed by using the(More)
This paper reviews the changing health situation in China, which has shown remarkable improvement in the 50 years since the founding of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949. At first sight this improving health situation follows the classical epidemiological transition model. Just three decades ago health in China was characterised by high rates of(More)
Palliative radiotherapy (PRT) can improve quality of life for people dying of cancer. Variation in the delivery of PRT by factors unrelated to need may indicate that not all patients who may benefit from PRT receive it. In this study, 13,494 adults who died of cancer between 2000 and 2005 in Nova Scotia, Canada, were linked to radiotherapy records.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk of stillbirth, neonatal death, and lethal congenital anomaly among babies of mothers living close to incinerators and crematoriums in Cumbria, north west England, 1956-93. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. Logistic regression was used to investigate the risk of each outcome in relation to proximity at birth to(More)
The objective of this study was to determine whether inequality in stillbirth risk between social strata has changed over time. Subjects were all 288,869 births in Cumbria, northwest England, 1950-1993 and all 8,039,269 births in England and Wales, 1981-1992. Social class of Cumbrian babies was ascertained from birth registrations. Community deprivation(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the risk of stillbirth, neonatal death and lethal congenital anomaly in relation to proximity to hazardous industrial facilities at the time of birth in Cumbria, 1950-93. A retrospective cohort study was carried out using all 4325 stillbirths, 3430 neonatal deaths and 1569 deaths from congenital anomaly among(More)
BACKGROUND Arsenic in drinking water is a public health issue affecting hundreds of millions of people worldwide. This review summarizes 30 years of epidemiological studies on arsenic exposure in drinking water and the risk of bladder or kidney cancer, quantifying these risks using a meta-analytical framework. METHODS Forty studies met the selection(More)