Trevor H. Gilbert

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The magnetic resonance (MR) appearances of 40 biopsy-proved meningiomas were blindly evaluated and correlated with their predominant histologic pattern--fibroblastic, transitional, syncytial, angioblastic, or mixed. T1-weighted images were not particularly useful in discriminating pathologic subtype, because most tumors were isointense with or hypointense(More)
This study addressed the anticonvulsant effects of phenobarbital, valproate, and ethosuximide in the amygdala of kindled guinea pigs to further validate this model for the screening of anticonvulsant drugs. Behavioral toxic effects were assessed at 30 min following drug administration using quantitative locomotor tests, as well as scores on a sedation and(More)
This study addressed some of the controversial issues surrounding the anticonvulsant effect of phenytoin, and the predictive validity of the guinea-pig kindling model for the screening of anticonvulsant drugs. Following an intraperitoneal injection of either 50 or 75 mg/kg phenytoin, we analysed plasma concentrations of phenytoin at various time intervals.(More)
Previous research has shown that concurrent alternating stimulation of paired limbic sites culminates in kindling of generalized seizures from 1 (dominant) site, whereas the other (suppressed) site supports only focal or partial seizures. This phenomenon has been referred to as kindling antagonism, and it has been proposed that antagonism reflects an arrest(More)
This study addressed the anticonvulsant effects of repeated administration of phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, valproate, and ethosuximide in kindled guinea-pigs in order to further substantiate this novel model of partial seizures for the screening of future anticonvulsant drugs. Behavioral toxic effects were assessed at 30 min following drug(More)
In rats, the concurrent alternate elicitation of epileptiform activity in two forebrain structures can result in both the rapid production of severe seizures and the development of fully generalized seizures in one (dominant) site, while arresting the progress of seizure activity at intermediate stages in the other (suppressed) site. The latter phenomenon(More)
We investigated the effects of hippocampally kindled seizures on spatial performance of rats in the Morris water maze (MWM). Seizures were elicited with stimulation of field CA1 of dorsal hippocampus 25-45 min prior to daily testing in the water maze. One group of rats was naive to the MWM (acquisition groups), while another group received pretraining in(More)
This study addressed the anticonvulsant effect of carbamazepine (CBZ) in the guinea-pig kindling model to further test this model for the screening of anticonvulsant drugs. We analysed plasma concentrations of CBZ at various time intervals after intraperitoneal injection of either 10, 25 or 40 mg/kg CBZ. Behavioural toxicity was assessed at 0.5 h(More)
Alternating stimulation of two sites in the forebrain culminates in typical kindling of generalized seizures from one site (dominant), whereas the other site (suppressed) supports only nongeneralized seizures for as long as stimulation of the dominant site continues, a phenomenon referred to as kindling antagonism. With the termination of stimulation of the(More)