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The first step in processing olfactory information, before neural filtering, is the physical capture of odor molecules from the surrounding fluid. Many animals capture odors from turbulent water currents or wind using antennae that bear chemosensory hairs. We used planar laser-induced fluorescence to reveal how lobster olfactory antennules hydrodynamically(More)
Oversampled filter banks (OSFB) can be applied as channel coding and have shown benefits in correlated and impulsive noise. Therefore, in this paper, we consider such channel coders for a power line communications scenario, where such conditions create a hostile channel environment. The proposed channel coder assumes the knowledge of the noise covariance(More)
Extended exposure to microgravity (microG) is known to reduce strength in weight-bearing muscles and was also reported to reduce respiratory muscle strength. Short- duration exposure to microG reduces vital capacity (VC), a surrogate measure for respiratory muscle strength, for the first few days, with little change in O2 uptake, ventilation, or end-tidal(More)
Since the first successful birth in 1978 following in vitro fertilisation (IVF), this has become established treatment for infertility and is available at more than thirty centres in the United Kingdom. Oocyte donation has extended the use of IVF technology for conditions where a genetic abnormality exists or where repeated attempts at IVF have failed to(More)
Hardware virtualization has been gaining a significant share of computing time in the last years. Using virtual machines (VMs) for parallel computing is an attractive option for many users. A VM gives users a freedom of choosing an operating system, software stack and security policies, leaving the physical hardware, OS management, and billing to physical(More)
When animals swim in aquatic habitats, the water through which they move is usually flowing. Therefore, an important part of understanding the physics of how animals swim in nature is determining how they interact with the fluctuating turbulent water currents in their environment. We addressed this issue using microscopic larvae of invertebrates in "fouling(More)
As described in this paper, we investigated the effect of the symmetry bias on linguistic evolution. We specifically examined symmetry bias, which indicates the meaning in a state of environment. For this task, we constructed a meaning selection iterated learning model based on Simon Kirby’s iterated learning Model, and used it for simulation with three(More)
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