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BACKGROUND Semen quality is taken as a surrogate measure of male fecundity in clinical andrology, male fertility, reproductive toxicology, epidemiology and pregnancy risk assessments. Reference intervals for values of semen parameters from a fertile population could provide data from which prognosis of fertility or diagnosis of infertility can be(More)
This study examined the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal from healing menisci in adult dogs. Complete, full-thickness radial tears were created in the medial menisci of adult dogs and allowed to heal spontaneously. Menisci were harvested and examined at 8, 12, and 26 weeks after injury using a spin-echo imaging sequence. After imaging, the menisci(More)
The structure of the human caput epididymidis was examined by gross morphological and light and electron microscopic techniques. There were at least seven types of tubules, each characterized by a different epithelium. These tubules were connected with one another by at least eight types of junctions to form a network. Most of the caput epididymidis was(More)
  • T G Cooper
  • 1998
The interactions between spermatozoa and epididymal secretions are reviewed with respect to the nature of the interactions, the maturity of the spermatozoa and the environment in which spermatozoa mature. The estimated ionic strength of epididymal fluid is low enough for all peripheral proteins to be in close contact with the membrane. Two sorts of(More)
In certain cases of infertility in domestic species, and in the homozygous c-ros tyrosine kinase knockout mouse, males are infertile as a result of unopposed sperm swelling. This induces flagellar angulation, preventing their normal migration in the female tract. Angulation always occurs at the site of the cytoplasmic droplet located in mature sperm at the(More)
Echo-planar brain images (1.5 T, 1-shot GRE, TR/TE = 3000/45) were acquired during 30-60 s cycles of repetitive (1.3-1.7 Hz) finger flexion exercise against light (0.24) vs heavy (1.40 kg) weights. In protocols during which exercise was alternated with periods of rest, active voxels were identified in the contralateral motor and somatosensory areas by(More)
The potential of spermatozoa to become motile during post-testicular maturation, and the relationship between the cytoplasmic droplet and fertilizing capacity are reviewed. Post-testicular maturation of spermatozoa involves the autonomous induction of motility, which can occur in vivo in testes with occluded excurrent ducts and in vitro in testicular(More)
The hypothesis that increased muscle T2 after exercise is caused by increased extracellular fluid volume was tested by comparing the effects of exercise versus external leg negative pressure on muscle T2 relaxation in normal human subjects. T2 in lower leg muscles was measured by echo-planar imaging at 63 echo times from 24 to 272 ms, and the relaxation(More)
In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study we investigated whether high-dose oral treatment with vitamins C and E for 56 days was able to improve semen parameters of infertile men. Ejaculate parameters included semen volume, sperm concentration and motility, and sperm count and viability. Thirty-one patients without genital infection but with(More)
Alpha-glucosidase, glycerophosphocholine, and L-carnitine were measured in sperm-free seminal plasma to determine whether these markers reflected the epididymal function of men attending an infertility clinic. The putative markers correlated well with each other (r = 0.66 to 0.70) and in 92% of 283 cases were accurate in categorizing semen as containing(More)