Learn More
BACKGROUND Manual wheelchair users rely heavily on their upper limbs for independent mobility which likely leads to a high prevalence of shoulder pain and injury. The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between shoulder forces and moments experienced during wheelchair propulsion and shoulder pathology. METHODS Kinetic and kinematic data was(More)
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE The Spinal Cord Injury--Quality of Life (SCI-QOL) measurement system was developed to address the shortage of relevant and psychometrically sound patient reported outcome (PRO) measures available for clinical care and research in spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation. Using a computer adaptive testing (CAT) approach, the SCI-QOL builds(More)
Over 50 percent of manual wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI) are likely to develop upper-limb pain and injury. The majority of studies related to pain have implicated wheelchair propulsion as a cause. This paper draws from a large multisite trial and a long-standing research program to make specific recommendations related to wheelchair(More)
Persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI) demonstrate strength deficits that can limit their functional ability to perform activities of daily living. For a specific lesion level, performance of functional activities is related to the level of muscle strength. Consequently, in clinical practice, we need reliable measures of muscle strength to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of acupuncture and Trager Psychophysical Integration (a form of manual therapy) in decreasing chronic shoulder pain in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN A prospective clinical trial, with subjects randomized to acupuncture or Trager treatment condition. Subjects served as their own controls by(More)
Successful outcome from a traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) depends heavily upon the quality of the acute care rendered to the affected individual. In recent years, there have been significant advances in the acute management of SCI. We discuss current management strategies in the areas of prehospital care and transport, emergency room management,(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the calibration of the Spinal Cord Injury-Functional Index (SCI-FI) and report on the initial psychometric evaluation of the SCI-FI scales in each content domain. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey followed by calibration data simulations. SETTING Inpatient and community settings. PARTICIPANTS A sample of participants (N=855) with(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a comprehensive set of patient-reported items to assess multiple aspects of physical functioning relevant to the lives of people with spinal cord injury (SCI), and to evaluate the underlying structure of physical functioning. DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Inpatient and community. PARTICIPANTS Item pools of physical functioning(More)
STUDY DESIGN Review of the literature. BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Shoulder pain is extremely common in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) and is a source of morbidity and functional loss. The purpose of this review is to outline the present knowledge of the epidemiology, etiology, and pathomechanics of musculoskeletal shoulder pain in individuals(More)