Trevor A. Crowell

Learn More
BACKGROUND Elite controllers spontaneously suppress human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viremia but also demonstrate chronic inflammation that may increase risk of comorbid conditions. We compared hospitalization rates and causes among elite controllers to those of immunologically intact persons with medically controlled HIV. METHODS For adults in care at(More)
BACKGROUND Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most frequently prescribed medications. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity, mortality and healthcare spending. Some studies suggest an increased risk of CAP among PPI users. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the association between outpatient(More)
INTRODUCTION HIV controllers (HICs) experience relatively low-level viraemia and CD4 preservation without antiretroviral therapy (ART), but also immune activation that may predispose to adverse clinical events such as cardiovascular disease and hospitalization. The objective of this study was to characterize the rates and reasons for hospitalization among(More)
Elite controllers naturally suppress HIV viraemia below the level of detection using standard methods, but demonstrate persistent inflammation and low-level viraemia that is detectable via ultrasensitive assays. These factors may contribute to an increased risk of non-AIDS-related morbidity and mortality among elite controllers. Data suggest that(More)
: As use of antiretroviral therapy in Thailand increases, so does the potential for transmission of drug-resistant HIV. We describe the prevalence of WHO surveillance drug resistance mutations among 120 subjects who underwent genotypic testing during acute HIV infection in Bangkok, Thailand. In this cohort of predominantly men who have sex with men, we(More)
OBJECTIVE In chronic HIV infection, initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) typically induces swift HIV RNA declines and virologic suppression within 24 weeks. The objective of this study was to investigate viral dynamics and common criteria for treatment success after ART initiation during acute HIV infection (AHI). METHODS Participants were(More)
: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection are increasingly important sources of morbidity among HIV-infected persons. We determined associations between hepatitis coinfection and healthcare utilization among HIV-infected adults at 4 US sites during 2006-2011. Outpatient HIV visits did not differ by hepatitis serostatus and decreased(More)
INTRODUCTION As availability of antiretroviral therapy expands in developing countries, the risk for transmission of drug-resistant HIV also increases. Patients with acute HIV infection (AHI) provide an opportunity for real-time monitoring of transmitted drug resistance (TDR). SEARCH 010/RV 254 study is a prospective, longitudinal study of AHI. This(More)
INTRODUCTION Colonic infiltration by HIV occurs soon after infection, establishing a persistent viral reservoir and a barrier to cure. We investigated virologic and immunologic correlates of detectable colonic HIV RNA during acute HIV infection (AHI) and their response to antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS From 49,458 samples screened for HIV, 74(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic viral hepatitis is a potentially important determinant of health care utilization among persons living with HIV. We describe hospitalization rates and reasons for hospitalization among persons living with HIV stratified by coinfection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS Laboratory, demographic, and(More)