Trent Schmidt

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PURPOSE To measure the effect of extension, flexion, lateral bending, and axial rotation loads applied to the spine on the anatomic relationship of the spinal nerves in the neural foramen to the ligamentum flavum and the intervertebral disk, anc to determine the effect of disk degeneration on the response to loading. METHODS Cadaveric lumbar motion(More)
PURPOSE To study the relationship of lumbar facet joint tropism to degeneration of the cartilage and subcortical bone in the facet joints and the effect of tropism in intervertebral disk degeneration. METHODS The orientation of 104 cadaveric lumbar facet joints with respect to sagittal plane was measured on CT scans, and the joints were classified as(More)
STUDY DESIGN Biomechanical and anatomic study of human cadaveric spinal motion segments. OBJECTIVES To measure the stiffness of spinal motion segments by disc type and by load type (flexion, extension, axial rotation, or lateral bending). To compare stiffness in motion segments with and without a high-intensity zone or radial tear in the anulus fibrosus.(More)
OBJECT The authors conducted a study in which their objective was to measure the effect of tears in the annulus fibrosus on the motions of lumbar spinal motion segments. METHODS Lumbar spinal motion segments were harvested from human cadavers and studied using a 1.5-tesla magnetic resonance imager. The motion segments were subjected to incremental(More)
The Web Ontology Language (OWL) [1] is a commonly used standard for creating ontology artifacts. However, its capabilities for reusing existing OWL artifacts in the creation of new artifacts is limited to the import of whole ontologies, even when only a small handful of classes, object properties, and so on (which we refer to generically as " OWL components(More)
PURPOSE Develop a method to segment regions of interest (ROIs) in tumor with statistically similar Hounsfield unit (HU) values and/or HU changes during chemoradiation therapy (CRT) delivery, to assess spatial tumor treatment response based on daily CTs during CRT delivery. METHODS Generate a three region map of ROIs with differential HUs, by sampling(More)
Conventional computed tomography (CT) uses a single polychromatic x-ray spectrum and energy integrating detectors, and produces images whose contrast depends on the effective attenuation coefficient of the broad spectrum beam. This can introduce errors from beam hardening and does not produce the optimal contrast-to-noise ratio. In addition, multiple(More)
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