Travis W. Hein

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Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a potent vasoconstrictor in the peripheral circulation and has been implicated in many cardiovascular diseases associated with elevated oxidative stress. However, its direct vasomotor action and its linkage to oxidative stress-induced vascular dysfunction in the coronary microcirculation remain elusive. In this study, we directly(More)
Adenosine is known to play an important role in the regulation of coronary blood flow during metabolic stress. However, there is sparse information on the mechanism of adenosine-induced dilation at the microcirculatory levels. In the present study, we examined the role of endothelial nitric oxide (NO), G proteins, cyclic nucleotides, and potassium channels(More)
OBJECTIVE Elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a proinflammatory marker, are associated with reduced systemic endothelium-dependent NO-mediated dilation in patients with coronary artery disease; however, the direct effect of CRP on coronary microvascular reactivity remains unknown. Herein, we examined whether CRP can modulate endothelium-dependent(More)
PURPOSE Resveratrol, a polyphenolic phytoalexin found in grapes and red wine, has been shown to exert cardiovascular benefits, but its action in the retinal microcirculation remains unknown. In this study, the direct effect and the underlying mechanism of the vasomotor action of resveratrol were examined in retinal arterioles. METHODS Porcine retinal(More)
One characteristic of hypertension is a decreased endothelium-dependent nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation; however, the underlying mechanism is complex. In endothelial cells (ECs), L-arginine is the substrate for both NO synthase (NOS) and arginase. Because arginase has recently been shown to modulate NO-mediated dilation of coronary arterioles by(More)
Arginase shares a common substrate, L-arginine, with nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS). It is thought that arginase, if it is expressed in the endothelium, might play a pivotal role in the regulation of NO-mediated vasodilation by reducing the L-arginine availability to NOS. In the present study, we wanted to determine whether arginase is expressed and(More)
A reduction in L-arginine availability has been implicated in the impairment of endothelium-dependent nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation by ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). However, the mechanisms contributing to dysregulation of the L-arginine pool remain unknown. Because endothelial cells can metabolize L-arginine via two major enzymes, that is, NO(More)
PURPOSE Adenosine is a potent vasodilator of retinal microvessels and is implicated to be a major regulator of retinal blood flow during metabolic stress. However, the receptor subtypes and the underlying signaling mechanism responsible for the dilation of retinal microvessels in response to adenosine remain unclear. In the present study, the roles of(More)
PURPOSE Lactate, a key metabolite in the retinal tissue, has been implicated in regulating retinal blood flow to match retinal metabolic demand. However, the direct effect of lactate on retinal vascular tone and the possible underlying signaling mechanisms remain unknown. In the present study, the roles of endothelium-derived vasodilators, guanylyl cyclase,(More)
OBJECTIVE Overproduction of reactive oxygen species such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been implicated in various cardiovascular diseases. However, mechanism(s) underlying coronary vascular dysfunction induced by H2O2 is unclear. We studied the effect of H2O2 on dilation of coronary arterioles to endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent agonists.(More)