Travis M. Loux

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Tumor cells require increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to support anabolism and proliferation. The precise mechanisms regulating this process in tumor cells are unknown. Here, we show that the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) and one of its primary ligands, high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), are required for optimal mitochondrial(More)
We present a method for allocating treatment when subjects arrive in sequence. Based on the theory of propensity scores more commonly used in observational studies, the method balances both discrete and continuous covariates without assuming a model for the outcome. Although we allow for a number of possible specifications, we explore some specific(More)
In many experimental situations, researchers have information on a number of covariates prior to randomization. This information can be used to balance treatment assignment with respect to these covariates as well as in the analysis of the outcome data. In this paper, we investigate the use of propensity scores in both of these roles. We also introduce a(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether or not self-sampled cervical screening for human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA is acceptable and if women prefer self-sampling to clinician-based sampling. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Thirty-seven primary studies obtained through a comprehensive search of six electronic bibliographic databases from(More)
INTRODUCTION While factors associated with receipt of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination have been well characterized, less is known about the characteristics associated with parents' intent to have their adolescent children vaccinated. This study aimed to examine factors associated with parental intention toward HPV vaccination. METHODS We analyzed(More)
In the early 1990s, St. Louis County had multiple foodservice worker-related hepatitis A outbreaks uncontrolled by standard outbreak interventions. Restaurant interest groups and the general public applied political pressure to local public health officials for more stringent interventions, including a mandatory vaccination policy. Local health departments(More)
BACKGROUND Points of dispensing (PODs) are deployed for medical countermeasure mass dispensing. However, infection prevention and vaccine administration pre-event training offered and just-in-time (JIT) education planned for POD workers have not been assessed. METHODS Disaster planners were sent an online questionnaire in 2013. McNemar tests compared(More)
Little is known about closed point-of-dispensing (POD) site preparedness-especially how these entities progress in their preparedness efforts over time. The purpose of this study was to assess the preparedness of a closed POD network. Between 2012 and 2016, 30% to 50% of POD entities in the St. Louis County region were assessed each year, for a total of 138(More)
Disaster planners' attitudes toward pre-event anthrax and smallpox vaccine for first responders and point-of-dispensing (POD) workers have not been examined. An online questionnaire was sent to US Cities Readiness Initiative (CRI) and non-CRI public health disaster planners in 2013. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to assess determinants of(More)