Travis J. Ryan

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A s a group [reptiles] are nei t h er ‘good ’n or ‘b ad ,’ but ia re intere s ting and unu su a l , a l t h o u gh of m i n or i m port a n ce . If t h ey should all disappe a r, it wo u l d not make mu ch differen ce one way or the other ”( Zim and Smith 1953, p. 9 ) . Fortu n a tely, this op i n i on from the Golden Gu i de Series does not persist tod ay;(More)
Morphological features such as size and shape are the most common focus in studies of heterochronic change. Frequently, these easily observed and measured features are treated as a major target of selection, potentially ignoring traits more closely related to fitness. We question the primacy of morphological data in studies of heterochrony, and instead(More)
In mature male snakes and lizards, a distal portion of the nephron is hypertrophied in relation to its appearance in females and immature males. This sexual segment of the male kidney apparently provides seminal fluid that is mixed with sperm and released into the female cloaca during copulation. In this article, we provide the first study at the(More)
A typical strategy for disease control in domesticated animals involves regular field tests and quarantine of infected herds. This prevents disease spread beyond the herd, while slaughter of diseased animals removes the infection from within the herd. A model of bovine tuberculosis (Tb) control in cattle is examined, which includes 'test and slaughter'(More)
Roads may be one of the most common disturbances in otherwise continuous forested habitat in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Despite their obvious presence on the landscape, there is limited data on the ecological effects along a road edge or the size of the "road-effect zone." We sampled salamanders at current and abandoned road sites within the(More)
This article is the first ultrastructural study on the annual oviducal cycle in a snake. The ultrastructure of the oviduct was studied in 21 females of the viviparous natricine snake Seminatrix pygaea. Specimens were collected and sacrificed in March, May, June, July, and October from one locale in South Carolina during 1998-1999. The sample included(More)
Complex life cycles (CLCs) contain larval and adult phases that are morphologically and ecologically distinct. Simple life cycles (SLCs) have evolved from CLCs repeatedly in a wide variety of lineages but the processes that may underlie the transition have rarely been identified or investigated experimentally. We examined the influence of larval growth rate(More)
We surveyed the herpetofaunal (amphibian and reptile) communities inhabiting ®ve types of habitat on a managed landscape. We conducted monthly surveys during 1997 in four replicate plots of each habitat type using several different methods of collection. Communities of the two wetland habitats (bottomland wetlands and isolated upland wetlands) were clearly(More)
Our study focuses on the spatial ecology and seasonal habitat use of two aquatic turtles in order to understand the manner in which upland habitat use by humans shapes the aquatic activity, movement, and habitat selection of these species in an urban setting. We used radiotelemetry to follow 15 female Graptemys geographica (common map turtle) and each of(More)