Travis J. Jewett

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Host cell invasion by apicomplexan parasites requires coordinated interactions between cell surface adhesins and the parasite cytoskeleton. We have identified a complex of parasite proteins, including the actin binding protein aldolase, which specifically interacts with the C-terminal domains of several parasite adhesins belonging to the(More)
Apicomplexan parasites cause serious human and animal diseases, the treatment of which requires identification of new therapeutic targets. Host-cell invasion culminates in the essential cleavage of parasite adhesins, and although the cleavage site for several adhesins maps within their transmembrane domains, the protease responsible for this processing has(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis entry into host cells results from a parasite-directed remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton. A type III secreted effector, TARP (translocated actin recruiting phosphoprotein), has been implicated in the recruitment of actin to the site of internalization. To elucidate the role of TARP in actin recruitment, we identified host cell(More)
The translocated actin recruiting phosphoprotein (Tarp) is conserved among all pathogenic chlamydial species. Previous reports identified single C. trachomatis Tarp actin binding and proline rich domains required for Tarp mediated actin nucleation. A peptide antiserum specific for the Tarp actin binding domain was generated and inhibited actin(More)
Apicomplexan parasites rely on actin-based motility to drive host cell invasion. Motility and invasion also require thrombospondin-related anonymous protein (TRAP) adhesins, which are secreted apically and translocated to the posterior end of the parasite before they are shed by the activity of a rhomboid protease. TRAP orthologs, including Toxoplasma(More)
The translocated actin recruiting phosphoprotein (Tarp) is injected into the cytosol shortly after Chlamydia trachomatis attachment to a target cell and subsequently phosphorylated by an unidentified tyrosine kinase. A role for Tarp phosphorylation in bacterial entry is unknown. In this study, recombinant C. trachomatis Tarp was employed to identify the(More)
Host cell invasion by apicomplexan parasites is accompanied by the rapid, polarized secretion of parasite proteins that are involved in cell attachment. The Toxoplasma gondii micronemal protein MIC2 contains several extracellular adhesive domains, a transmembrane domain, and a short cytoplasmic tail. Following apical secretion, MIC2 is transiently present(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis is the leading cause of infectious blindness worldwide and is the most commonly reported pathogen causing sexually transmitted infections. Tarp (translocated actin recruiting phosphoprotein), a type III secreted effector that mediates actin nucleation, is central to C. trachomatis infection. The phylogenetic analysis of tarP from(More)
All species of Chlamydia undergo a unique developmental cycle that transitions between extracellular and intracellular environments and requires the capacity to invade new cells for dissemination. A chlamydial protein called Tarp has been shown to nucleate actin in vitro and is implicated in bacterial entry into human cells. Colocalization studies of(More)
Toxoplasma gondii parasites gain entry into host cells through a process that depends on apically stored adhesins that are strategically released during invasion. One of these adhesins, microneme protein 2 (MIC2), is a type one transmembrane protein that binds to an accessory protein known as MIC2-associated protein (M2AP). Together the MIC2 x M2AP complex(More)