Travis Burns

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Pharmacological studies have suggested that oligodendroglial NMDA glutamate receptors (NMDARs) mediate white matter injury in a variety of CNS diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS). We tested this hypothesis in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a model of human MS, by timed conditional disruption of oligodendroglial NR1, an essential(More)
Canavan disease is caused by inactivating ASPA (aspartoacylase) mutations that prevent cleavage of N-acetyl-L-aspartate (NAA), resulting in marked elevations in central nervous system (CNS) NAA and progressively worsening leukodystrophy. We now report that ablating NAA synthesis by constitutive genetic disruption of Nat8l (N-acetyltransferase-8 like)(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by central nervous system (CNS) inflammation, demyelination, and axonal degeneration. CXCL10 (IP-10), a chemokine for CXCR3+ T cells, is known to regulate T cell differentiation and migration in the periphery, but effects of CXCL10 produced endogenously in the CNS on immune cell trafficking are unknown. We created(More)
We provide evidence of cortical neuronopathy in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, an established model of chronic multiple sclerosis. To investigate phenotypic perturbations in neurons in this model, we used apoptotic markers and immunohistochemistry with antibodies to NeuN and other surrogate(More)
Studies in multiple sclerosis and its animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) suggest that peripheral monocyte-derived cells (MDCs) are instrumental for disease initiation. MDCs, however, are plastic, and may exert various functions once in the central nervous system (CNS) for prolonged periods. Furthermore, the long-term effect of MDC(More)
Canavan disease is a leukodystrophy caused by aspartoacylase (ASPA) deficiency. The lack of functional ASPA, an enzyme enriched in oligodendroglia that cleaves N-acetyl-l-aspartate (NAA) to acetate and l-aspartic acid, elevates brain NAA and causes "spongiform" vacuolation of superficial brain white matter and neighboring gray matter. In children with(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2A (CMT2A), the most common axonal form of hereditary sensory motor neuropathy, is caused by mutations of mitofusin-2 (MFN2). Mitofusin-2 is a GTPase required for fusion of mitochondrial outer membranes, repair of damaged mitochondria, efficient mitochondrial energetics, regulation of mitochondrial-endoplasmic reticulum(More)
Canavan disease is a leukodystrophy caused by aspartoacylase (ASPA) deficiency. The lack of functional ASPA, an enzyme enriched in oligodendroglia that cleaves N-acetyl-L-aspartate (NAA) to acetate and L-aspartic acid, elevates brain NAA and causes "spongiform" vacuolation of superficial brain white matter and neighboring gray matter. In children with(More)
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