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The human t(14;18) chromosomal translocation is assumed to result from illegitimate rearrangement between BCL-2 and D(H)/J(H) gene segments during V(D)J recombination in early B cells. De novo nucleotides are found inserted in most breakpoints and have been thus far interpreted as nontemplated N region additions. In this report, we have analyzed both direct(More)
A large number of lymphoid malignancies is characterized by specific chromosomal translocations, which are closely linked to the initial steps of pathogenesis. The hallmark of these translocations is the ectopic activation of a silent proto-oncogene through its relocation at the vicinity of an active regulatory element. Due to the unique feature of lymphoid(More)
Recognition between mammalian gametes occurs when the plasma membrane of the sperm head binds to the zona pellucida (ZP), an extracellular coat surrounding eggs. ZP3, one of three glycoproteins in the ZP, is the egg protein recognized by sperm. A mouse sperm surface protein, sp56 (M(r) = 56,000), has been identified on the basis of its specific affinity for(More)
Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is essential for somatic hypermutation of B-cells. We investigated the expression of AID mRNA by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 80 patients with B-CLL. AID expression was detected in 45 of 80 patients (56%) at various levels, but was undetectable in 35 patients(More)
It has long been thought that signal joints, the byproducts of V(D)J recombination, are not involved in the dynamics of the rearrangement process. Evidence has now started to accumulate that this is not the case, and that signal joints play unsuspected roles in events that might compromise genomic integrity. Here we show both ex vivo and in vivo that the(More)
INTRODUCTION Internal tandem duplication of the FLT3 gene (FLT3/ITD) has been linked to poor outcome in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic value of FLT3/ITD in various cytogenetic risk groups is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance in patients with de novo AML and a normal karyotype(More)
Sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) has emerged as one of the multiple genetic and environmental factors that potentially contribute to the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In addition to epidemiologic studies demonstrating a consistent relationship between decreased levels of serum SHBG and incident T2DM, recent genetic studies also(More)
We report high expression of the maternally imprinted gene PEG10 in high-risk B-CLL defined by high LPL mRNA expression. Differential expression was initially identified by microarray analysis and confirmed by real time PCR in 42 B-CLL patients. mRNA expression ranged from 0.3- to 375.4-fold compared to normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC).(More)
One characteristic of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) lymphocytes is high expression of CD23, which has previously been identified as a downstream target for NOTCH2 signalling. The mechanisms regulating NOTCH2-dependent CD23 expression, however, are largely unknown. This study showed that peripheral CLL cells overexpressed transcriptionally active(More)
We investigated the pattern of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) expression in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) and assessed its prognostic relevance. Expression of LPL mRNA as well as protein was highly restricted to leukemic B cells. The intensity of intracellular immunoreactivity of LPL was higher in samples of patients with unmutated immunoglobulin(More)