Traian V Chirila

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Keratoprosthesis research has been a gradual, rather fragmentary process with advances being made by isolated groups of researchers. This has arisen partly because of poor funding in the area; research groups which have achieved commercial support have often had constraints upon the full disclosure of their findings. Despite these difficulties there has(More)
Membranes were prepared from fibroin, a protein isolated from the domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori) silk, and evaluated as a potential substratum for corneal limbal epithelial cells. These membranes (i.e., B. mori silk fibroin [BMSF] membranes) were cast from dialyzed solutions of fibroin protein (4% w/v) dispensed into 35-mm-diameter culture dishes and(More)
We have presently evaluated membranes prepared from Bombyx mori silk fibroin (BMSF), for their potential use as a prosthetic Bruch's membrane and carrier substrate for human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell transplantation. Porous BMSF membranes measuring 3 μm in thickness were prepared from aqueous solutions (3% w/v) containing poly(ethylene oxide)(More)
Membranes prepared from a protein, fibroin, isolated from domesticated silkworm (Bombyx mori) silk, support the cultivation of human limbal epithelial (HLE) cells and thus display significant potential as biomaterials for ocular surface reconstruction. We presently extend this promising avenue of research by directly comparing the attachment, morphology and(More)
Keratoprosthesis surgery is carried out in very few centers. Elaborate surgical techniques and high complication rates limit the application of currently available keratoprostheses (KPros). However, the clinical need for an alternative to donor tissue has sparked considerable research interest in the development of new KPros. This paper charts the evolution(More)
The pore size and the in vivo behaviour of four poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) sponges were investigated. The sponges were synthesized by polymerization of monomer in 70, 80 and 90 wt% water, respectively. In one of the formulations, a high amount of initiator was added. The average pore diameter was calculated with Ferry's equation and the results(More)
Porous hydrophilic sponges made from 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) have a number of possible biomedical applications. We have investigated whether these poly(HEMA) hydrogels, when coated with collagen and infiltrated in vitro with cultured Schwann cells, can be implanted into the lesioned optic tract and act as prosthetic bridges to promote axonal(More)
To elucidate the relatively short retention of crosslinked poly(1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) hydrogels in the eye when used as potential vitreous substitutes, a 14C-labeled hydrogel was produced and subjected to both in vitro biodegradation assays and in vivo experiments. The polymer was synthesized by the free-radical copolymerization of 99%(More)
AIMS/BACKGROUND An ideal keratoprosthesis (KPro) would closely resemble a donor corneal button in terms of its surgical handling, optics, and capacity to heal with host tissue in order to avoid many of the complications associated with the KPros which are currently in clinical use. This study was carried out to assess the long term clinical outcomes on(More)
While fibroin isolated from the cocoons of domesticated silkworm Bombyx mori supports growth of human corneal limbal epithelial (HLE) cells, the mechanism of cell attachment remains unclear. In the present study we sought to enhance the attachment of HLE cells to membranes of Bombyx mori silk fibroin (BMSF) through surface functionalization with an(More)