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Azotobacter vinelandii OP was grown to stationary phase in defined medium. The cell-free culture medium was analyzed for cytokinin content by XAD-2 and Sephadex LH-20 chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, tobacco callus bioassay, and enzyme immunoassay. Three cytokinin-active fractions were detected and tentatively identified as trans-zeatin,(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major malignancies worldwide and is associated with poor prognosis due to the high incidences of metastasis and tumor recurrence. Our previous study showed that overexpression of p21-activated protein kinase 1 (PAK1) is frequently observed in HCC and is associated with a more aggressive tumor behavior, suggesting(More)
We have described in D. discoideum a highly organized cell aggregation that is mediated by cAMP. After suitable differentiation induced by starvation, the cells develop the capacity to orient in gradients of cAMP and to secrete cAMP in response to cAMP. This signaling response sets up the cell-cell relay of cAMP waves that transiently orients the cells(More)
A membrane-bound cytochrome oxidase for Azobacter vinelandii was purified 20-fold using a detergent-solubilization procedure. Activity was monitored using as ascorbate-TMPD oxidation assay. The oxidase was 'solubilized' from a sonic-type electron-transport particle (R3 fraction) using Triton X-100 and deoxycholate. Low detergent concentrations first(More)
Metabolism of chloral hydrate (CH) by male B6C3F1 mouse liver microsomes (control-microsomes) generated free radical intermediates that resulted in endogenous lipid peroxidation, forming malondialdehyde (MDA), formaldehyde (FA), acetaldehyde (ACT), acetone, and propionaldehyde. Because MDA, FA, and ACT are tumorigens, endogenous formation of lipid(More)
Azotobacter vinelandii can grow with a variety of organic carbon sources and fix N2 without the need for added H2. However, due to an active H2-oxidizing system, H2-dependent mixotrophic growth in an N-free medium was demonstrated when mannose was provided as the carbon source. There was no appreciable growth with either H2 or mannose alone. Both the growth(More)
  • T Y Wong
  • 1990
Azotobacter vinelandii hydrolyzed melibiose exocellularly, leading to an accumulation of free glucose and galactose in the medium. This enzyme could also be induced by galactose, raffinose, and stachyose. The alpha-galactosidase activity could be detected quantitatively by using p-nitrophenyl-alpha-galactopyranoside as a substrate for intact cells.(More)
Metabolism of chloral hydrate by male B6C3F1 mouse liver microsomes generates free radical intermediate(s) as evidenced by electron spin resonance spectroscopic analysis. The subsequent induction of endogenous lipid peroxidation was shown by analysis of the resulting products with high-pressure liquid chromatography. Chloral hydrate was found mutagenic in(More)
Field soybean plants were inoculated with Hup wild-type or H(2) uptake-negative (Hup) mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum. For two consecutive summers we found an enrichment for acinetobacters associated with the surfaces of the H(2)-evolving nodules. Soybean root nodules that evolved H(2) had up to 12 times more Acinetobacter spp. bacteria associated with(More)
Membranes from N2-fixing Azotobacter vinelandii were isolated to identify electron transport components involved in H2 oxidation. We found direct evidence for the involvement of cytochromes b, c, and d in H2 oxidation by the use of H2-reduced minus O2-oxidized absorption difference spectra. Carbon monoxide spectra showed that H2 reduced cytochrome d but not(More)