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Virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and related pathogenic mycobacteria requires the secretion of early secretory antigenic 6 kDa (ESAT-6) and culture filtrate protein 10 (CFP-10), two small proteins that lack traditional signal sequences and are exported through an alternative secretion pathway encoded primarily by the RD1 genetic locus. Mutations(More)
The lipid-rich cell wall is a defining feature of Mycobacterium species. Individual cell wall components affect diverse mycobacterial phenotypes including colony morphology, biofilm formation, antibiotic resistance, and virulence. In this study, we describe a transposon insertion mutant of Mycobacterium smegmatis mc2 155 that exhibits altered colony(More)
In response to a maturation stimulus, dendritic cells undergo the formation of ubiquitinated protein aggregates known as dendritic cell aggresome-like induced structures (DALIS). DALIS are thought to act as Ag storage structures, allowing for the prioritized degradation of proteins during infection. In this study, we demonstrate that murine macrophages can(More)
The possibility that apo-B is phosphorylated was examined using cultured rat hepatocytes. Rabbit antiserum prepared against rat apo-B was found to specifically react with both large and small molecular weight apo-B (by electroblotting assay and by immunoprecipitation of [35S]methionine-labeled proteins synthesized and secreted by hepatocytes). Following a(More)
Phosphatidylinositol mannosides (PIMs) and their related molecules lipomannan (LM) and lipoarabinomannan (LAM) are important components of the mycobacterial cell wall. These molecules mediate host-pathogen interactions and exhibit immunomodulatory activities. The biosynthesis of these lipoglycans is not fully understood. In this study, we have identified a(More)
Guided by a phenomenological theoretical perspective, 6 young adult-child caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease were interviewed. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of the experiences of young adult-child caregivers, with the key focus being the use of humor as a coping strategy in this caregiving circumstance.(More)
BACKGROUND Blue lights are sometimes placed in public washrooms to discourage injection drug use. Their effectiveness has been questioned and concerns raised that they are harmful but formal research on the issue is limited to a single study. We gathered perceptions of people who use injection drugs on the effects of blue lights with the aim of informing(More)
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