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Physiological and pharmacological studies have shown that ATP has potent effects on developing chick skeletal muscle. These effects have previously been shown to be developmentally regulated, and the responses were characteristic of activation of the P2X ligand-gated ion-channel family of ATP receptors. Here, using immunohistochemistry, we describe the(More)
The aims of the present study were to determine whether nerves that contain nitric oxide synthase (NOS), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or substance P (SP) are present in the human vagina and, if so, to determine the pattern of innervation relative to that of other neurotransmitters, particularly vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and(More)
Cancer gene therapy has been one of the most exciting areas of therapeutic research in the past decade. In this review, we discuss strategies to restrict transcription of transgenes to tumour cells. A range of promoters which are tissue-specific, tumour-specific, or inducible by exogenous agents are presented. Transcriptional targeting should prevent normal(More)
The intrinsic radiation sensitivity of normal and tumour tissue is a major determinant of the outcome of radiotherapy. There is currently no established test that can be used routinely to measure the radiosensitivity of the cells in an individual patient's cancer in a manner that can inform treatment planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in(More)
Bladder tumours show a variable response to radiotherapy with only about 50% showing good local control; currently there is no test to predict outcome prior to treatment. We have used five bladder tumour cell lines (T24, UM-UC-3, TCC-SUP, RT112, HT1376) to investigate the potential of the alkaline comet assay (ACA) to predict radiosensitivity.(More)
The effects of divalent metal ions on high affinity uptake glutamate and GABA were examined, using crude and purified synaptosomal fractions prepared from brains of DBA/2CBI. The uptake velocities of both amino acids are severely reduced in the presence of Cu2+, Fe2+ and Zn2+ but remain unaffected by Co2+.
BACKGROUND Male infertility is a common cause of reproductive failure in humans. In mice, targeted deletions of the genes coding for FKBP6 or FKBP52, members of the FK506 binding protein family, can result in male infertility. In the case of FKBP52, this reflects an important role in potentiating Androgen Receptor (AR) signalling in the prostate and(More)
We know considerably more about what makes cells and tissues resistant or sensitive to radiation than we did 20 years ago. Novel techniques in molecular biology have made a major contribution to our understanding at the level of signalling pathways. Before the "New Biology" era, radioresponsiveness was defined in terms of physiological parameters designated(More)
FK506 binding protein-like (FKBPL) and its peptide derivatives exert potent anti-angiogenic activity in vitro and in vivo and control tumour growth in xenograft models, when administered exogenously. However, the role of endogenous FKBPL in angiogenesis is not well characterised. Here we investigated the molecular effects of the endogenous protein and its(More)
OBJECTIVE The antitumor effects of FK506-binding protein like (FKBPL) and its extracellular role in angiogenesis are well characterized; however, its role in physiological/developmental angiogenesis and the effect of FKBPL ablation has not been evaluated. This is important as effects of some angiogenic proteins are dosage dependent. Here we evaluate the(More)