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Previous work has shown that individual differences in locomotor activity in an inescapable novel environment can predict acquisition of amphetamine self-administration. The current study examined whether individual differences in approach to novelty in a free choice test could also predict amphetamine self-administration. Further, the current study(More)
Hyperactivity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis is linked with age-related decrements in cognition and neuronal survival. However, the nature and extent of age-related HPA axis deficits vary considerably across and indeed, within strains. The current study was designed to assess variance in HPA axis function using two rodent models(More)
Aging in rodents and primates is accompanied by changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity. We examined behavioral and neuroendocrine responses in 3, 15-, and 30-month-old F344/Brown-Norway rats. Basal corticosterone and ACTH levels did not differ with age, although ACTH responses, but not corticosterone responses to restraint stress, were(More)
This study examined the effects of neonatal cocaine exposure on the rewarding properties of play in a modified T-maze. Animals were artificially reared from postnatal day (PND) 4-9 with drug concentrated in four daily feeds. There were four treatment groups, 40 mg/kg/day cocaine, 20 mg/kg/day cocaine, an artificially reared control and a surgery control.(More)
Isolation-induced ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) are emitted by young rat pups when isolated from their dam and conspecifics. These USVs play an important role in maternal/offspring interactions, and have been used as an indicator of response to stress and isolation. This study examined the effects of neonatal ethanol and/or cocaine exposure on USVs in(More)
Fenbendazole (FBZ) is a benzimidazole currently used for anthelmintic treatment of pinworm populations in numerous animal species although it is not currently approved for laboratory rodents in the U.S. It has received considerable interest for treating rodent populations due to its low toxicity, wide safety margin and apparent absence of gross teratogenic(More)
Behavioral adaptation in aging may become impaired from abnormal expression of amygdalar corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and/or CRH-binding protein (CRH-BP). In this study, we serially sectioned the amygdala in 4-, 12-, and 24-month-old Fischer 344 rats following perfusion with 4% paraformaldehyde. We determined the amount of CRH and CRH-BP containing(More)
Acquisition of an operant learning task for sucrose reinforcement was examined in rats after neonatal exposure to ethanol and/or cocaine. Subjects were raised using an artificial rearing procedure from postnatal days 4 to 11 and were intragastrically fed a milk diet containing either ethanol (6 g/kg/day), cocaine (60 mg/kg/day), the combination (6 g/kg/day(More)
It has recently been suggested that the effects of in utero cocaine exposure may result in subtle deficits related to a challenging environment, including exposure to novelty or stress. This study used a neonatal drug-exposure model to examine the behavioral response to a novel environment in rodents. Subjects were artificially reared (AR) from postnatal(More)
This experiment employed a rodent model to examine the effects of neonatal exposure to cocaine, ethanol, or both drugs in combination on acquisition and extinction of an appetitive runway task. After implantation with an intragastric cannula, subjects were artificially reared (AR) from postnatal days (PND) 4-10. There were five treatment groups, including:(More)