Tracy L Twinem

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In this article we describe the application of structural biology methods to the discovery of novel potent inhibitors of methionine aminopeptidases. These enzymes are employed by the cells to cleave the N-terminal methionine from nascent peptides and proteins. As this is one of the critical steps in protein maturation, it is very likely that inhibitors of(More)
A high-throughput screen (HTS) was developed and used to identify inhibitors of bacterial DNA gyrase. Among the validated hits were 53 compounds that also inhibited mammalian topoisomerase II with IC(50) values of <12.5 micro g/mL for 51 of them. Using computational methods, these compounds were subjected to cluster analysis to categorize them according to(More)
The newly developed 8-methoxy, non-fluorinated quinolones (NFQs) were studied to elucidate their enzyme inhibitory activity against wild-type and mutant GyrA (Ser-83-->Trp) forms of Escherichia coli DNA gyrase. Using a DNA supercoiling inhibition assay, the NFQs were found to inhibit 50% (IC50) of the E. coli DNA gyrase activity in the 1.6-3.2 mg/L(More)
This reports the synthesis and in vitro antimicrobial properties of a series of 2-thioether-linked quinolonyl-carbapenems. Although the title compounds exhibited broad spectrum activity, the MICs were generally higher than those observed for selected benchmark carbapenems, quinolonyl-penems, and quinolones. Enzyme assays suggested that the title compounds(More)
Selection of resistant strains in Streptococcus pneumoniae was studied in vitro with nemonoxacin, a novel nonfluorinated quinolone (NFQ), in comparison with quinolone benchmarks, ciprofloxacin, garenoxacin, and gatifloxacin. In stepwise resistance selection studies, a 256-fold loss of potency was observed after three to four steps of exposure to(More)
The in vitro development of resistance to the new nonfluorinated quinolones (NFQs; PGE 9262932, PGE 4175997, and PGE 9509924) was investigated in Staphylococcus aureus. At concentrations two times the MIC, step 1 mutants were isolated more frequently with ciprofloxacin and trovafloxacin (9.1 x 10(-8) and 5.7 x 10(-9), respectively) than with the NFQs,(More)
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