Tracy L Fisher

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The estrogen receptor alpha (ER), a member of the steroid receptor superfamily, contains an N-terminal hormone-independent transcriptional activation function (AF-1) and a C-terminal hormone-dependent transcriptional activation function (AF-2). Here, we used in-gel kinase assays to determine that pp90rsk1 activated by either epidermal growth factor (EGF) or(More)
We have examined the mechanism by which growth factor-mediated induction of the Ras pathway interferes with signaling via the second messenger cAMP. Activation of cellular Ras with insulin or NGF stimulated recruitment of the S6 kinase pp90RSK to the signal-dependent coactivator CBP. Formation of the pp90RSK-CBP complex occurred with high stoichiometry and(More)
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) regulate metabolism and body growth through homologous receptor tyrosine kinases that phosphorylate the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins. IRS-2 is an important IRS protein, as it mediates peripheral insulin action and beta-cell survival. In this study, we show that insulin, IGF-1, or osmotic stress(More)
The insulin receptor substrate 2 (Irs2) branch of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor-signaling cascade prevents diabetes in mice because it promotes beta cell replication, function, and survival, especially during metabolic stress. Because exendin-4 (Ex4), a long acting glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist, has similar effects upon beta cells in(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase and one of its targets, pp90rsk (ribosomal S6 kinase [RSK]), represent two serine/threonine kinases in the Ras-activated signalling cascade that are capable of directly regulating gene expression. pp90rsk has been shown to have two highly conserved and distinct catalytic domains. However, whether both domains are active and(More)
To understand how extracellular signals may produce long-term effects in neural cells, we have analyzed the mechanism by which neurotransmitters and growth factors induce phosphorylation of the transcription factor cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) in cortical oligodendrocyte progenitor (OP) cells. Activation of glutamate receptor channels by(More)
Meeting the constant demands for the educational needs of nurses is extremely challenging. The pressure from various stakeholders to meet these demands can lead to hasty programs in which learning is questionable. An example of evidence-based learning methods using a self-governance model is presented. Outcomes from this approach promoted real learning,(More)
NAD was converted chemically to 3aminopyridine adenine dinucleotide through the Hofmann hypobromite reaction and the resulting dinucleotide was purified by means of ion exchange chromatography. Spectrophotometric and fluorometric properties of the analog were studied. The 3-aminopyridine adenine dinucleotide was shown to be a competitive inhibitor in(More)
The receptors for insulin and PDGF are tyrosine kinases that mediate distinct effects in identical cellular backgrounds. Each receptor must therefore engage a unique subset of the available signaling elements--at least partly through the selection of proteins with src-homology 2 domains (SH2 proteins). Autophosphorylation sites in the PDGFr directly bind(More)