Tracy L. Diamond

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Human Immunodeficiency Viruses (HIV-1 and HIV-2) rely upon host-encoded proteins to facilitate their replication. Here, we combined genome-wide siRNA analyses with interrogation of human interactome databases to assemble a host-pathogen biochemical network containing 213 confirmed host cellular factors and 11 HIV-1-encoded proteins. Protein complexes that(More)
We have analyzed host cell genes linked to HIV replication that were identified in nine genome-wide studies, including three independent siRNA screens. Overlaps among the siRNA screens were very modest (<7% for any pairwise combination), and similarly, only modest overlaps were seen in pairwise comparisons with other types of genome-wide studies. Combining(More)
The mechanisms controlling retroviral integration have been the topic of intense interest, in part because of adverse clinical events that occurred during retrovirus-mediated human gene therapy. Here we investigate the use of artificial tethering interactions to constrain retroviral integration site selection in an in vitro model. During normal infection,(More)
Retroviruses utilize cellular dNTPs to perform proviral DNA synthesis in infected host cells. Unlike oncoretroviruses, which replicate in dividing cells, lentiviruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and simian immunodeficiency virus, are capable of efficiently replicating in non-dividing cells (terminally differentiated macrophages) as(More)
We have recently reported that the reverse transcriptase (RT) of SIVMNE 170 (170), which is a representative viral clone of the late symptomatic phase of infection with the parental strain, SIVMNE CL8 (CL8), has a largely increased fidelity, compared with the CL8 RT. In the present study, we analyzed the mechanistic alterations of the high fidelity 170 RT(More)
Following the completion of reverse transcription, the human immunodeficiency virus integrase (IN) enzyme covalently links the viral cDNA to a host cell chromosome. An IN multimer carries out this reaction, but the roles of individual monomers within the complex are mostly unknown. Here we analyzed the distribution of functions for target DNA capture and(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) plays an essential role in the life cycle of the virus. Therefore, RT has been a primary target in the development of antiviral agents against HIV-1. Given the prevalence of resistant viruses, evaluation of the resistance profile of potential drug candidates is a key step in drug(More)
Here we report enzymatic variations among the reverse transcriptases (RTs) of five simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) strains, Sab-1, 155-4, Gri-1, 9063-2, and Tan-1, which were isolated from four different species of naturally infected African green monkeys living in different regions across Africa. First, Sab-1 RT exhibits the most efficient dNTP(More)
Genomic hypermutation of human and simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV and SIV) enables these viruses to adapt and escape from various types of anti-viral selection by altering the molecular properties of viral gene products. In this study, we examined whether the biochemical and catalytic properties of SIV DNA polymerases (reverse transcriptases; RT) can(More)
Integrase (IN) is the catalytic component of the preintegration complex, a large nucleoprotein assembly critical for the integration of the retroviral genome into a host chromosome. Although partial crystal structures of human immunodeficiency virus IN alone and its complex with the integrase binding domain of the host factor PSIP1/lens epithelium-derived(More)