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Current studies have indicated the utility of photodynamic therapy using porphyrins in the treatment of bacterial infections. Photoactivation of porphyrins results in the production of singlet oxygen (1O2) that damages biomolecules associated with cells and biofilms, e.g., proteins, polysaccharides, and DNA. The effect of a cationic porphryin on P.(More)
The lymphoid-specific tyrosine kinase p56lck (Lck) is critical for the development and activation of T lymphocytes, and Lck kinase activity has been implicated in both T-cell antigen receptor/CD3- and CD4-mediated signaling. CD4-dependent T-cell activation has been demonstrated to be dependent upon the association of CD4 with Lck. To examine the role of the(More)
The past several years have seen significant progress in understanding the role of T lymphocyte coreceptors in adhesion and activation. New insights have been gained in several areas: the avidity regulation of beta 1 and beta 2 integrins and their role in signal transduction; the regulation of CD8 avidity; the role of Lck in CD4 coreceptor activity; and the(More)
Many protein tyrosine phosphorylation events that occur as a result of T cell receptor (TCR) stimulation are enhanced when CD4 is co-cross-linked with the TCR, and this increased phosphorylation is thought to be a mechanism by which T cell functions are augmented by CD4. Such enhanced tyrosine phosphorylation was originally attributed to the kinase activity(More)
Lymphocyte chemoattractant factor (LCF) is a polypeptide cytokine which induces both cell motility and activation of T lymphocytes. These LCF-induced events demonstrate an absolute requirement for the cell surface expression of CD4. Because many CD4-mediated T lymphocyte activation events have been demonstrated to require the association of the src-related(More)
CD4 is a cell surface glycoprotein expressed by a subset of T lymphocytes and functions to enhance T-cell activation. CD4 is noncovalently associated via the cytoplasmic domain with the protein-tyrosine kinase p56lck, a member of the src protein-tyrosine kinase family. Upon activation of protein kinase C by phorbol ester, CD4 is phosphorylated on(More)
By fluorescence resonance energy transfer, we have previously demonstrated that upon anti-CD3 mAb-mediated activation of a murine T cell hybridoma expressing human CD4, CD4 moves into close association with the TCR/CD3 complex. It was shown that this association between CD4 and the TCR/CD3 complex was dependent upon the presence of an intact CD4 cytoplasmic(More)
To test the hypothesis that resting and previously activated B lymphocytes differ in their proliferative and differentiative responses to various Th cell-derived stimuli, we have examined the interactions of purified small (resting) and large (activated) murine B cells with rabbit Ig-specific Th1 and Th2 clones in the presence of the Ag analogue, rabbit(More)
Twitching motility allows Pseudomonas aeruginosa to respond to stimuli by extending and retracting its type IV pili (TFP). PilJ is a protein necessary for this surface-associated twitching motility and bears high sequence identity with Escherichia coli methyl-accepting chemotaxis proteins (MCP). Here, we report that whereas wild-type P. aeruginosa PAO1(More)
The CD4 molecule plays an important role in the development of CD4+T lymphocytes and it also acts as a coreceptor to enhance responses mediated via the TCR. It is now established that CD4 functions both as an adhesion molecule favoring the T cell: APC interaction and as a signaling molecule. The coreceptor function mediated via CD4 depends on its(More)