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Many common causes of blindness involve the death of retinal photoreceptors, followed by progressive inner retinal cell remodeling. For an inducible model of retinal degeneration to be useful, it must recapitulate these changes. Intravitreal administration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) has recently been found to induce acute photoreceptor death. The aim(More)
PURPOSE The chemokine, Ccl2, and the fractalkine receptor, Cx3cr1, have both been implicated in the pathogenesis of age related macular degeneration (AMD), with mice lacking both genes exhibiting features of AMD by 3 months of age. However, recent reports indicate that this ascribed phenotype is due to the presence of a retinal degeneration mutation(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a transmembrane glycoprotein frequently studied for its role in Alzheimer's disease. Our recent study in APP knockout (KO) mice identified an important role for APP in modulating normal neuronal development in the retina. However the role APP plays in the adult retina and whether it is required for vision is unknown. In(More)
This book provides ample coverage of theoretical and experimental state-of-the-art work as well as new trends and directions in the biometrics field. It offers students and software engineers a thorough understanding of how some core low-level building blocks of a multi-biometric system are implemented. While this book covers a range of biometric traits,(More)
Vesicular nucleotide transporter (VNUT) is required for active accumulation of adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP) into vesicles for purinergic neurotransmission, however, the cell types that express VNUT in the central nervous system remain unknown. This study characterized VNUT expression within the mammalian retina and brain and assessed a possible functional(More)
Over the recent years, there have been tremendous advances in our understanding of the genetic and environmental factors associated with the development of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Examination of retinal changes in various animals has aided our understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease. Notably, mouse strains, carrying genetic(More)
PURPOSE The chemokine Ccl2, or monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), has previously been identified as playing a potential role in many ocular diseases; however, its role in mice is less clear. We sought to correlate changes in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and retinal morphology with changes in function in aging Ccl2(-/-) mice. METHODS Ccl2(-/-)(More)
Purines, when present in the extracellular space, can mediate fast neurotransmission in the retina and central nervous system. Over the last decade there has been emerging evidence for the expression of P2X and P2Y receptors in a range of retinal neuronal subtypes. These results have highlighted important roles for purines in modulating specific retinal(More)
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