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The levels of aflatoxin B(1)-DNA and aflatoxin B(1)-albumin adducts were investigated by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) in humans and rats following exposure to a known, dietary relevant amount of carbon-14 labeled aflatoxin B(1) ([(14)C]AFB(1)). The aims of the study were to: (a) investigate the dose-dependent formation of DNA and protein adducts at(More)
Sir, Kroll et al (2011) recently reported their findings from an ecological analysis examining paediatric leukaemia registration rates and area-based deprivation in England and Wales. Much to our surprise, selective subgroup findings from the United Kingdom Childhood Cancer Study (www.UKCCS.org) were presented in support of their observations – in our view(More)
To identify risk variants for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), we conducted a genome-wide association study of two case-control series, analyzing the genotypes with respect to 291,423 tagging SNPs in a total of 907 ALL cases and 2,398 controls. We identified risk loci for ALL at 7p12.2 (IKZF1, rs4132601, odds ratio (OR) = 1.69, P = 1.20 x(More)
In an International Lymphoma Epidemiology Consortium pooled analysis, polymorphisms in 2 immune-system-related genes, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-10 (IL10), were associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) risk. Here, 8,847 participants were added to previous data (patients diagnosed from 1989 to 2005 in 14 case-control studies; 7,999 cases,(More)
BACKGROUND: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is selectively over-expressed in colorectal tumours. The mechanism of COX-2 induction in these tumours is not fully understood, although evidence suggests a possible link between nuclear factor (NF)-kB and COX-2. We hypothesised an association between COX-2 expression and NF-kB-p65, NF-kB-p50 and IkB-kinase-a (IKKa) in(More)
To identify susceptibility loci for classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL), we conducted a genome-wide association study of 589 individuals with cHL (cases) and 5,199 controls with validation in four independent samples totaling 2,057 cases and 3,416 controls. We identified three new susceptibility loci at 2p16.1 (rs1432295, REL, odds ratio (OR) = 1.22,(More)
Genetic instability, including chromosomal imbalance, is important in the pathogenesis of lymphoproliferative disorders such as non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). DNA synthesis and methylation, which are closely linked to folate metabolism and transport, may be affected by polymorphisms in genes involved in these pathways. Folate metabolism polymorphisms have been(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is selectively overexpressed in colorectal tumours. The mechanism of COX-2 induction is not fully understood, but requires de novo messenger RNA and protein synthesis, indicating regulation at the transcriptional level. Sequence analysis of the 5 0-flanking region of the COX-2 gene shows two nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) sites.(More)
Childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) ALL is thought to be caused by a delayed immune response to an unidentified postnatal infection. An association between BCP ALL and HLA class II (DR, DQ, DP) alleles could provide further clues to the identity of the infection, since HLA molecules exhibit allotype-restricted binding of infection-derived antigenic peptides.(More)
Genetic variation in innate immunity may alter host-pathogen defence mechanisms and promote aberrant immune responses and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). To test this hypothesis, we investigated polymorphisms in innate immune genes in a pooled analysis of two population-based case-control studies of NHL from the San Francisco Bay Area (308 cases, 684 controls)(More)