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The 1993 U.S. hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) outbreak was attributed to environmental conditions and increased rodent populations caused by unusual weather in 1991- 92. In a case-control study to test this hypothesis, we estimated precipitation at 28 HPS and 170 control sites during the springs of 1992 and 1993 and compared it with precipitation during(More)
The accuracy and reproducibility of dual-contrast segmentation based on nonparametric feature map analysis have been investigated in a multicomponent gelatin phantom. The root mean square errors in volume ranged from 0.02 cm3 for small volumes to 3.8 cm3 for larger volumes, with a mean error of 0.97 cm3. Average inter- and intraobserver coefficients of(More)
Serial magnetic resonance (MR) studies that included proton MR spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), contrast-enhanced MR imaging (MRI), and lesion volumetric studies were performed on 25 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with mild to modest clinical deficits. Each patient was scanned at varying intervals for up to 2 years, resulting in a total of 124 usable MR(More)
The relative distributions of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) + N-acetylaspartylglutamate (NAAG), creatine + phosphocreatine (Cr/PCr), and choline (Cho) in the gray and white matter of human brain were determined by utilizing proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (SI). The SI data was processed using an automated spectroscopic image processing algorithm,(More)
Tea has consistently been shown to inhibit the occurrence of tumors in experimental animals. The evidence for such a beneficial effect in humans, however, is limited. The authors examined the association between non-herbal tea consumption and cancer incidence in a prospective cohort study of 35,369 postmenopausal Iowa women. In this cohort, information on(More)
BACKGROUND Prior studies of clinical prognostication in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) using computed tomography (CT) have often used subjective analyses or have evaluated quantitative measures in isolation. This study examined associations between both densitometric and local histogram based quantitative CT measurements with pulmonary function test(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that individuals with interstitial lung abnormalities (ILA) on a chest computed tomogram (CT) may have an increased risk to develop a clinically significant interstitial lung disease (ILD). Although methods used to identify individuals with ILA on chest CT have included both automated quantitative and qualitative visual(More)
MPTP causes a Parkinson's disease-like syndrome in which the dopamine content of the nigrostriatal system decreases. We have studied the relationship between physiological changes and dopamine content using a brain slice preparation developed for electrophysiological studies of corticostriate and nigrostriatal synaptic transmission. We report that MPTP,(More)
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