Tracy Gentry

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Graft failure occurs in approximately 20% of patients after unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT). This could be because of inadequate potency of the cord blood unit (CBU). To this end, we investigated the impact of graft characteristics on engraftment and survival of 435 primarily pediatric (median age: 5.3 years) patients receiving a(More)
BACKGROUND ALDH(br) cells express high aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity and have progenitor cell activity in several contexts. We characterized human BM ALDH(br) cells to determine whether cell sorting based on ALDH activity isolates potentially useful populations for cell therapy. METHOD We measured the expression of ALDH and cell-surface Ag by(More)
BACKGROUND ALDH-bright (ALDH(br)) cell populations sorted from freshly collected umbilical cord blood (UCB) on the basis of their high aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity are highly enriched for HPC. HPC with low ALDH activity (ALDH(dim)) are primarily short-term progenitors, whereas progenitors that initiate long-term cultures or establish long-term(More)
BACKGROUND Engraftment failure and delays, likely due to diminished cord blood unit (CBU) potency, remain major barriers to the overall success of unrelated umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT). To address this problem, we developed and retrospectively validated a novel scoring system, the Cord Blood Apgar (CBA), which is predictive of engraftment(More)
In this report, we sought to optimize gene transfer into primitive human umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells. Initially, we found that fresh UCB isolated with the CD34brCD38 CD33 phenotype were highly enriched for hematopoietic progenitors detected in extended long-term cultures (8-week LTCs). In addition, following ex vivo gene transfer, this population(More)
We have developed an approach for identifying primitive mobilized peripheral blood cells (PBSC) that express high levels of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH). PBSC were stained with a fluorescent ALDH substrate, termed BODIPY trade mark -aminoacetaldehyde (BAAA), and then analysed using flow cytometry. A population of cells with a low side scatter (SSC) and a(More)
PURPOSE The mechanism by which partial splenectomy preserves splenic immune function is unknown. Immunoglobulin (Ig) M memory B cells are critical for the immune response against encapsulated bacteria and are reduced in asplenic patients, although it is unknown whether partial splenectomy can preserve memory B cells. We hypothesized that IgM memory B cells(More)
In this report, we describe a new flow cytometry technique termed flow cytometric high-content screening (FC-HCS) which involves semi-automated processing and analysis of multiparameter flow cytometry samples. As a first test of the FC-HCS technique, we used it to screen a 2000-compound library, called the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Diversity Set, to(More)
BACKGROUND Banked unrelated donor umbilical cord blood (CB) has improved access to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for patients without a suitably matched donor. In a resource-limited environment, ensuring that the public inventory is enriched with high-quality cord blood units (CBUs) addressing the needs of a diverse group of patients is a(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPC) hold promise as a cellular therapy for demyelinating diseases. The feasibility of using OPC-based therapies in humans depends upon a reliable, readily available source. We have previously described the isolation, expansion and characterization of oligodendrocyte-like cells from fresh human umbilical cord(More)