Tracy Fawcett

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There are few data on the persistence of individual human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmitted drug resistance (TDR) mutations in the absence of selective drug pressure. We studied 313 patients in whom TDR mutations were detected at their first resistance test and who had a subsequent test performed while ART-naive. The rate at which mutations(More)
We reviewed over 220 cases of acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and now report on 17 patients whose poisoning occurred from the indoor use of propane-fueled forklifts. All patients in this series presented with neurologic symptoms or persistent headache and were given hyperbaric oxygen to resolve their symptomatology. We investigated the concentration of(More)
We evaluated the effects of clenbuterol HCl (0.8 micrograms/kg, of body weight, IV), a beta 2 agonist, on ventilation-perfusion matching and hemodynamic variables in anesthetized (by IV route), laterally recumbent horses. The multiple inert gas elimination technique was used to assess pulmonary gas exchange. Clenbuterol HCl induced a decrease in arterial(More)
OBJECTIVES Transmission of drug-resistant HIV-1 has decreased in the UK since the early 2000s. This analysis reports recent trends and characteristics of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in the UK from 2010 to 2013. METHODS Resistance tests conducted in antiretroviral treatment (ART)-naïve individuals between 2010 and 2013 were analysed for the presence(More)
Platelet counts were measured in 10 divers during the course of 4 experimental deep dives (450 and 600 m) and different anticoagulants were tested. The use of sodium citrate as an anticoagulant was associated with artifactual thrombocytopenia, whereas ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid proved to be satisfactory. During one of the dives (450 m) the use of(More)
Surfactant dysfunction contributes to the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and we hypothesized that surfactant treatment would improve experimental ARDS produced by continuous exposure to hyperoxia. Twelve healthy male baboons (10-15 kg) were anesthetized, paralyzed, and mechanically ventilated with 2.5 cmH2O positive(More)
To establish the success rate of combined therapy for tibial osteomyelitis, we reviewed all cases of this infection treated with surgery, antibiotics, and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) between 1974 and 1991 at Duke University Medical Center. The median delay from diagnosis of osteomyelitis to initiation of HBO was 12.5 months (range, 1 month to 684 months). Of 34(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine protease mutations that develop at viral failure for protease inhibitor (PI)-naive patients on a regimen containing the PI atazanavir. METHODS Resistance tests on patients failing atazanavir, conducted as part of routine clinical care in a multicentre observational study, were randomly matched by subtype to resistance tests from(More)
Delayed-onset thrombocytopenia developed in 12 patients while they were receiving either prophylactic or therapeutic heparin. Five of the patients had thrombocytopenia alone, and seven had thromboembolic complications which contributed to the death of one patient. These complications included deep venous thrombosis (four patients), pulmonary embolism (three(More)
Prolonged exposure to O2 causes diffuse alveolar damage and surfactant dysfunction that contribute to the pathophysiology of hyperoxic lung injury. We hypothesized that exogenous surfactant would improve lung function during O2 exposure in primates. Sixteen healthy male baboons (10-15 kg) were anesthetized and mechanically ventilated for 96 h. The animals(More)