Tracy A Callahan

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IL-1beta has been implicated in central nervous system effects, including activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Less is known concerning the role of IL-6 in brain. To compare and contrast IL-1beta and IL-6 effects on brain, rats were administered intraperitoneal injections of IL-1beta, IL-6 or control vehicle (3-8 microg/rat), perfused(More)
Our previous work has documented that physical or psychological stress can alter interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, and interferon (IFN)-gamma production by spleen or lymph node cells in vitro. To determine if adrenal hormones might be mediating these stress-induced changes in type 1 and type 2 cytokines and immune effector functions, we cultured spleen cells in(More)
Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) regulation of immune function has been studied by ablating the SNS with a peripheral injection of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). Our previous data indicate that sympathectomy of mice results in enhanced antibody production and in vitro levels of antigen-specific IL-2 and IFN-gamma. Other investigators have(More)
Numerous studies have sought to delineate the impact of neuroendocrine function on overall immune responsiveness. Using various murine models, we and others have previously shown that both adrenal-dependent and adrenal-independent mechanisms associated with psychological stress modulate components of both the primary and memory cellular immune responses to(More)
Many studies have demonstrated that ablation of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) alters subsequent immune responses. Researchers have presumed that the altered immune responses are predominantly the result of the peripheral phenomenon of denervation. We, however, hypothesized that chemical sympathectomy will signal and activate the central nervous(More)
Ablation of the sympathetic nervous system by chemical sympathectomy is a standard model for the study of sympathetic nervous system regulation of immune function. We have previously documented that chemical denervation results in enhanced antigen-specific, but suppressed mitogen-induced, cytokine production by spleen cells. In our investigation into the(More)
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