Tracie A DeVries-Seimon

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Macrophage death in advanced atherosclerosis promotes necrosis and plaque destabilization. A likely cause of macrophage death is accumulation of free cholesterol (FC) in the ER, leading to activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP)-induced apoptosis. Here we show that p38 MAPK signaling is necessary for CHOP(More)
Two key features of atherosclerotic plaques that precipitate acute atherothrombotic vascular occlusion ("vulnerable plaques") are abundant inflammatory mediators and macrophages with excess unesterified, or "free," cholesterol (FC). Herein we show that FC accumulation in macrophages leads to the induction and secretion of two inflammatory cytokines, tumor(More)
Protein kinase C delta (PKC delta) mediates apoptosis downstream of many apoptotic stimuli. Because of its ubiquitous expression, tight regulation of the proapoptotic function of PKC delta is critical for cell survival. Full-length PKC delta is found in all cells, whereas the catalytic fragment of PKC delta, generated by caspase cleavage, is only present in(More)
Insulin resistance in diabetes and metabolic syndrome is thought to increase susceptibility to atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. To evaluate the possibility that decreased insulin signaling in macrophage foam cells might worsen atherosclerosis, Ldlr(-/-) mice were transplanted with insulin receptor(More)
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