Tracey L. Woodlief

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High dietary fat intake leads to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle, and this represents a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress have been implicated in the disease process, but the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. Here we show that in skeletal muscle of both rodents and(More)
Peroxisomal oxidation yields metabolites that are more efficiently utilized by mitochondria. This is of potential clinical importance because reduced fatty acid oxidation is suspected to promote excess lipid accumulation in obesity-associated insulin resistance. Our purpose was to assess peroxisomal contributions to mitochondrial oxidation in mixed(More)
Metformin is a widely prescribed drug for treatment of type 2 diabetes, although no cellular mechanism of action has been established. To determine whether in vivo metformin treatment alters mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle, respiratory O(2) flux and H(2)O(2) emission were measured in saponin-permeabilized myofibers from lean and obese (fa/fa)(More)
Elevated oxidative capacity, such as occurs via endurance exercise training, is believed to protect against the development of obesity and diabetes. Rats bred both for low (LCR)- and high (HCR)-capacity endurance running provide a genetic model with inherent differences in aerobic capacity that allows for the testing of this supposition without the(More)
Rats bred for a high-capacity to run (HCR) do not develop insulin resistance on a high-fat diet (HFD) vs. those bred for a low-capacity for running (LCR). Recently, a link between obesity and insulin resistance has been established via IKKbeta action and IRS-1 Ser (312/307) phosphorylation. This study measured IkappaBalpha and IRS-1 pSer (307) in mixed(More)
Metformin is a widely used insulin-sensitizing drug, though its mechanisms are not fully understood. Metformin has been shown to activate AMPK in skeletal muscle; however, its effects on the inhibitor of kappaB kinasebeta (IKKbeta) in this same tissue are unknown. The aim of this study was to (1) determine the ability of metformin to attenuate IKKbeta(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of daily physical activity (PA) on the cardiometabolic risk of bariatric surgery patients is not known. OBJECTIVE We examined the influence of physical activity and sedentary behavior on modifying cardiometabolic risk after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. SETTING University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and East Carolina(More)
OBJECTIVE Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery can cause profound weight loss and improve overall cardiometabolic risk factors. Exercise (EX) training following RYGB can provide additional improvements in insulin sensitivity (SI ) and cardiorespiratory fitness. However, it remains unknown whether a specific amount of EX post-RYGB is required to achieve(More)
BACKGROUND One of the key factors contributing to morbidity associated with salvage radical prostatectomy is a significant vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) disruption or postoperative tissue dehiscence in the region of the distal bladder neck that causes a large prolonged urinary leak, perineal pain, and delayed catheter removal. OBJECTIVE To describe our(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, there are multiple commercially available RNA-based biomarkers that are Medicare approved and suggested for use by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines. There is uncertainty as to which patients benefit from genomic testing and for whom these tests should be ordered. Here, we examined the correlation patterns of(More)
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