Learn More
Consumers of higher levels of Brassica vegetables, particularly those of the genus Brassica (broccoli, Brussels sprouts and cabbage), reduce their susceptibility to cancer at a variety of organ sites. Brassica vegetables contain high concentrations of glucosinolates that can be hydrolyzed by the plant enzyme, myrosinase, or intestinal microflora to(More)
UNLABELLED In this systematic review we focused on postoperative recovery and complications using four different anesthetic techniques. The database MEDLINE was searched via PubMed (1966 to June 2002) using the search words "anesthesia" and with ambulatory surgical procedures limited to randomized controlled trials in adults (>19 yr), in the English(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE We examined the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) among patients undergoing cardiac surgery and its impact on postoperative outcomes. METHODS Subjects were recruited from inpatient cardiovascular surgery units at two tertiary care centers. Crystal Monitor 20-H recorded polysomnograms preoperatively. Regression analyses were(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to: (a) assess the prevalence of diagnosed OSA and symptoms of undiagnosed OSA in a cohort of ambulatory surgical patients, and (b) characterize the frequency of postoperative complications in outpatients with a diagnosis of or a propensity to OSA. METHODS Patients presenting for ambulatory surgery completed a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the validity of preoperative cardiac stress testing using clinical predictors from the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines on Perioperative Evaluation before Noncardiac Surgery in patients undergoing vascular surgery. DESIGN Prospective, randomized pilot study. SETTING Academic medical center. (More)
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a disorder of airway obstruction with multisystem implications and associated complications. OSAS affects children from infancy to adulthood and is responsible for behavioral, cognitive, and growth impairment as well as cardiovascular and perioperative respiratory morbidity and mortality. OSAS is associated(More)
PURPOSE The American Society of Anesthesia practice guidelines recommend that pediatric and adult patients who undergo ambulatory surgery be screened for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). With this in mind, our objective was to assess the frequency of screening by anesthesia providers for the signs and symptoms of OSA in children undergoing surgery in an(More)
The purpose of the Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine guideline on preoperative screening and assessment of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is to present recommendations based on the available clinical evidence on the topic where possible. As very few well-performed randomized studies in this field of perioperative care are available, most(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been historically underdiagnosed and may be associated with grave perioperative complications. The ASA and American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommend OSA screening prior to surgery; however, only a minority of patients are screened. The objective of this study was to determine the proficiency of(More)
The overwhelming majority of surgical procedures performed in the United States are done on an outpatient basis. Patients with complicated medical problems are routinely scheduled for ambulatory procedures that have become progressively more complex. Appropriate patient selection is paramount to ensuring optimal perioperative outcomes, and the patient with(More)