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Background: Previous studies have documented an increase in intracranial pressure with abdominal insufflation, but the mechanism has not been explained. Methods: Nine 30–35-kg domestic pigs underwent carbon dioxide insufflation at 1.5 l/min. Intracranial pressure (ICP), lumbar spinal pressure (LP), central venous pressure (CVP), inferior vena cava pressure(More)
OBJECTIVES With the introduction of videoscopic techniques, controversy has arisen whether a thoracoscopic or laproscopic approach is indicated for the surgical management of symptomatic primary motility disorders. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of the two techniques performed by one group. METHODS Between 1995 and 1997, 78 patients (42(More)
Background: Laparoscopic bariatric surgery is a challenging procedure with a high risk of technical misadventures that may increase postoperative morbidity. Routine intraoperative endoscopy may reduce postoperative morbidity. This article reviews our 6-year experience. Methods: From April 1995 to September 2001, we performed 825 laparoscopic bariatric(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured in 14 patients before carotid endarterectomy, 3 h after surgery and 2 days postoperatively using the intravenous xenon-133 technique. In 11 of the patients CBF was remeasured at 6 months and in 8 patients CBF and the response to hypercapnia (5 per cent CO2 in air) was measured pre-operatively and 6 months following(More)
Background: The 1outcomes of a laparoscopic esophagomyotomy with posterior partial fundoplication were compared between groups of patients with primary motility disorders. Methods: In this study, 47 patients (26 women and 21 men, ages 24 to 77 years; mean, 47 years) with significant dysphagia or chest pain who failed conservative treatment underwent a(More)
During a 6-year period, 177 patients with a displaced sacral fracture were treated at our level-one trauma centre. At the initial presentation, 13 patients demonstrated a neurological deficit as a result of their sacral fracture. Six patients underwent surgical decompression, and seven patients were managed without surgical decompression. All patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two nondigested, nonabsorbed dietary components on objective and subjective measures of gastrointestinal (GI) function. METHODS A placebo-controlled parallel study compared the effects of wheat bran (20 g/day or 40 g/day in cereal), a well-known dietary fiber, with those of olestra (20 g or 40(More)
A total of 139 mobile bearing knee arthroplasties in 104 patients were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 7.8 years (range, 5-13 years). There were 80 cemented knees, 50 uncemented, and 9 hybrid (cemented tibia, uncemented femur). Ten knees were revised. Four knees were revised for aseptic loosening of an uncemented tibial component, and 1 knee was revised(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The study was designed to identify those factors associated with early tracheal extubation following cardiac surgery. Previous studies have tended to concentrate on surgery for coronary artery bypass or on other selected cohorts. METHODS Sequential cohort analysis of 296 unselected adult cardiac surgery patients was performed over(More)