Tracey Dawn Graves

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Primary episodic ataxias are autosomal dominant channelopathies that manifest as attacks of imbalance and incoordination. Mutations in two genes, KCNA1 and CACNA1A, cause the best characterized and account for the majority of identified cases of episodic ataxia. We summarize current knowledge of clinical and genetic diagnosis, genotype-phenotype(More)
BACKGROUND Episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2) and familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM1) are autosomal dominant disorders characterised by paroxysmal ataxia and migraine, respectively. Point mutations in CACNA1A, which encodes the neuronal P/Q-type calcium channel, have been detected in many cases of EA2 and FHM1. The genetic basis of typical cases without(More)
Ion channels are membrane-bound proteins that perform key functions in virtually all human cells. Such channels are critically important for the normal function of the excitable tissues of the nervous system, such as muscle and brain. Until relatively recently it was considered that dysfunction of ion channels in the nervous system would be incompatible(More)
Mutations in CACNA1A, which encodes the principal subunit of the P/Q calcium channel, underlie episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2). In addition, some patients with episodic ataxia complicated by epilepsy have been shown to harbour CACNA1A mutations, raising the possibility that P/Q channel dysfunction may be linked to human epilepsy. We undertook a review of all(More)
BACKGROUND The Epilepsy Genetics (EPIGEN) Consortium was established to undertake genetic mapping analyses with augmented statistical power to detect variants that influence the development and treatment of common forms of epilepsy. METHODS We examined common variations across 279 prime candidate genes in 2717 case and 1118 control samples collected at(More)
Episodic ataxia type 1 is considered a rare neuronal ion channel disorder characterized by brief attacks of unsteadiness and dizziness with persistent myokymia. To characterize the natural history, develop outcome measures for future clinical trials, and correlate genotype with phenotype, we undertook an international, prospective, cross-sectional study.(More)
Episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2) is an autosomal dominant channelopathy characterized by paroxysmal cerebellar ataxia. Previous studies suggest that most EA2 cases are associated with mutations in the alpha1A subunit of the P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium channel gene CACNA1A. In a UK national study, the authors analyzed 15 index cases with typical EA2 and(More)
Metronidazole-induced central nervous system (CNS) toxicity causes a spectrum of neurological symptoms including ataxia, encephalopathy and peripheral neuropathy. It is associated with characteristic MRI changes of high signal intensity in the dentate nuclei. Given the increasing use of metronidazole, it is import to recognise this drug as a cause of(More)