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COP10 is a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme variant (UEV), which is thought to act together with COP1, DET1, and the COP9 signalosome (CSN) in Arabidopsis to repress photomorphogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that COP10 interacts with ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s) in vivo, and can enhance their activity in vitro, an activity distinct from previous(More)
By homogenizing rice leaves in liquid nitrogen, it was possible to isolate intact chloroplasts and, subsequently, pure rice chloroplast DNA from the purified chloroplasts. The DNA was digested by several restriction enzymes and fragments were fractionated by agarose gel electrophoresis. The sum of the fragment sizes generated by the restriction enzymes(More)
Replication protein A (RPA) is a protein complex composed of three subunits known as RPA70, RPA32, and RPA14. Generally, only one version of each of the three RPA genes is present in animals and yeast (with the exception of the human RPA32 ortholog). In rice (Oryza sativa L.), however, two paralogs of RPA70 have been reported. We screened the rice genome(More)
The nucleosome represents a mechanical barrier to transcription that operates as a general regulator of gene expression. We investigate how each nucleosomal component-the histone tails, the specific histone-DNA contacts, and the DNA sequence-contributes to the strength of the barrier. Removal of the tails favors progression of RNA polymerase II into the(More)
We investigated expression patterns of DNA repair genes such as the CPD photolyase, UV-DDB1, CSB, PCNA, RPA32 and FEN-1 genes by northern hybridization analysis and in situ hybridization using a higher plant, rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare). We found that all the genes tested were expressed in tissues rich in proliferating cells, but only CPD(More)
The human UV-damaged DNA binding protein (UV-DDB), a heterodimeric protein composed of 127 kDa (UV-DDB1) and 48 kDa (UV-DDB2) subunits, has been shown to be involved in DNA repair. To elucidate the in vivo function of plant UV-DDB2, we have analyzed T-DNA insertion mutants of the Arabidopsis thaliana UV-DDB2 subunit (atuv-ddb2 mutants) and AtUV-DDB2 RNAi(More)
A novel DNA polymerase, designated as OsPolI-like, has been identified from the higher plant, rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare). The OsPolI-like cDNA was 3765 bp in length, and the open reading frame encoded a predicted product of 977 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 100 kDa. The OsPolI-like gene has been mapped to chromosome 8 and(More)
We report here the existence of interactions between a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, Rad6, from rice, Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare (OsRad6), and Sgt1 (OsSgt1), a novel subunit of the SCF ubiquitin ligase complex. Rad6 is not only related to post-replicational repair but also to the proteasome system, while Sgt1 has a function in kinetochore assembly. The(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was isolated from young green leaves of rice plants. DNA fragments were cloned into lambda DNA, and clones that hybridized to mitochondrial genes from other plants were selected. Distal restriction fragments of these clones were used as probes for the selection of overlapping clones. A genetic map was finally created from the(More)
The origin recognition complex (ORC) protein plays a critical role in DNA replication through binding to sites (origins) where replication commences. The protein is composed of six subunits (ORC1 to 6) in animals and yeasts. Our knowledge of the ORC protein in plants is, however, much less complete. We have performed cDNA cloning and characterization of ORC(More)