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COP10 is a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme variant (UEV), which is thought to act together with COP1, DET1, and the COP9 signalosome (CSN) in Arabidopsis to repress photomorphogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that COP10 interacts with ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s) in vivo, and can enhance their activity in vitro, an activity distinct from previous(More)
Ultraviolet-damaged DNA binding protein (UV-DDB) is an important factor involved in DNA repair. To study the role of UV-DDB, we attempted to obtain the cDNA and the protein of a plant UV-DDB. We succeeded in isolating both genes for UV-DDB subunits from rice (Oryza sativa cv. Nipponbare), designated as OsUV-DDB1 and OsUV-DDB2. OsUV-DDB2 (65 kDa) was much(More)
Molecular evolutionary analyses revealed that histone H2A.Bbd is a highly variable quickly evolving mammalian replacement histone variant, in striking contrast to all other histones. At the nucleotide level, this variability appears to be the result of a larger amount of nonsynonymous variation, which affects to a lesser extent, the structural domain of the(More)
Replication protein A (RPA) is a protein complex composed of three subunits known as RPA70, RPA32, and RPA14. Generally, only one version of each of the three RPA genes is present in animals and yeast (with the exception of the human RPA32 ortholog). In rice (Oryza sativa L.), however, two paralogs of RPA70 have been reported. We screened the rice genome(More)
The origin recognition complex (ORC) protein plays a critical role in DNA replication through binding to sites (origins) where replication commences. The protein is composed of six subunits (ORC1 to 6) in animals and yeasts. Our knowledge of the ORC protein in plants is, however, much less complete. We have performed cDNA cloning and characterization of ORC(More)
Little is known about the functions of DNA polymerase lambda (Pol lambda) recently identified in mammals. From the genomic sequence information of rice and Arabidopsis, we found that Pol lambda may be the only member of the X-family in higher plants. We have succeeded in isolating the cDNA and recombinant protein of Pol lambda in a higher plant, rice (Oryza(More)
We investigated expression patterns of DNA repair genes such as the CPD photolyase, UV-DDB1, CSB, PCNA, RPA32 and FEN-1 genes by northern hybridization analysis and in situ hybridization using a higher plant, rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare). We found that all the genes tested were expressed in tissues rich in proliferating cells, but only CPD(More)
DNA polymerase delta (pol delta), which is comprised of at least two essential subunits, is an important enzyme involved in DNA replication and repair. We have cloned and characterized both the catalytic and small subunits of pol delta from rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare). The open reading frames of OsPoldelta1 and delta2 encoded a predicted product(More)
A novel DNA polymerase, designated as OsPolI-like, has been identified from the higher plant, rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Nipponbare). The OsPolI-like cDNA was 3765 bp in length, and the open reading frame encoded a predicted product of 977 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 100 kDa. The OsPolI-like gene has been mapped to chromosome 8 and(More)
The human UV-damaged DNA binding protein (UV-DDB), a heterodimeric protein composed of 127 kDa (UV-DDB1) and 48 kDa (UV-DDB2) subunits, has been shown to be involved in DNA repair. To elucidate the in vivo function of plant UV-DDB2, we have analyzed T-DNA insertion mutants of the Arabidopsis thaliana UV-DDB2 subunit (atuv-ddb2 mutants) and AtUV-DDB2 RNAi(More)