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Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) is a lipid droplet-associated protein that is expressed early during adipose differentiation. The present study was undertaken to reveal the role of ADRP in adipose differentiation. In murine fibroblasts infected with green fluorescent protein (GFP)-ADRP fusion protein expression adenovirus vector, confocal(More)
Fatty acids stimulate lipid accumulation in parallel with increased expression of adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) in liver cells. Although it is generally considered that the fatty acid effect on ADRP expression is mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), we identified here an additional molecular mechanism using the(More)
Altered antioxidant status has been implicated in schizophrenia. Microglia, major sources of free radicals such as superoxide (•O(2)(-)), play crucial roles in various brain pathologies. Recent postmortem and imaging studies have indicated microglial activation in the brain of schizophrenic patients. We previously demonstrated that atypical antipsychotics(More)
OBJECTIVE Whether brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a noninvasive marker for arterial stiffness, is a useful predictive maker for cardiovascular events in subjects with diabetes is not established. In the present cohort study, we evaluated the benefit of baPWV for the prediction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in subjects with diabetes.(More)
Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) is highly expressed in macrophages and human atherosclerotic lesions. We demonstrated that Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4-mediated signals, which are involved in atherosclerosis formation, enhanced the expression of ADRP in macrophages. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) enhanced the ADRP expression in RAW264.7 cells or(More)
The involvement of reactive oxygen species in various diseases has been demonstrated almost in vitro or in animal studies and clinical studies supporting the involvement of reactive oxygen species are very few. Bilirubin has been recognized as an important antioxidant and also shown to have an inhibitory effect on the activity of NADPH oxidase, which may be(More)
I n 2005, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the Japanese Committee for the Diagnostic Criteria of Metabolic Syndrome (Japanese definition) proposed metabolic syndrome definitions for the Japanese population (1,2). Both definitions included waist circumference as an essential component and adopted cut points of 85 cm for men and 90 cm for women(More)
Oxidative stress has been paid increasing attention to as an important causative factor for diabetic vascular complications. Among possible various sources, accumulating evidence has indicated that NAD(P)H oxidase may be the most important source for reactive oxygen species production in diabetic vascular tissues. The mechanisms underlying activation and(More)
We started a disease management model, Carna, that includes two programs: one for primary prevention of lifestyle diseases and one for secondary/tertiary prevention of diabetes mellitus. These programs support the family doctor system and education for participants to allow the concept of disease management to take root in Japan. We developed a critical(More)