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Altered antioxidant status has been implicated in schizophrenia. Microglia, major sources of free radicals such as superoxide (•O(2)(-)), play crucial roles in various brain pathologies. Recent postmortem and imaging studies have indicated microglial activation in the brain of schizophrenic patients. We previously demonstrated that atypical antipsychotics(More)
Oxidative stress has been paid increasing attention to as an important causative factor for diabetic vascular complications. Among possible various sources, accumulating evidence has indicated that NAD(P)H oxidase may be the most important source for reactive oxygen species production in diabetic vascular tissues. The mechanisms underlying activation and(More)
The involvement of reactive oxygen species in various diseases has been demonstrated almost in vitro or in animal studies and clinical studies supporting the involvement of reactive oxygen species are very few. Bilirubin has been recognized as an important antioxidant and also shown to have an inhibitory effect on the activity of NADPH oxidase, which may be(More)
We started a disease management model, Carna, that includes two programs: one for primary prevention of lifestyle diseases and one for secondary/tertiary prevention of diabetes mellitus. These programs support the family doctor system and education for participants to allow the concept of disease management to take root in Japan. We developed a critical(More)
UNLABELLED Aims/Introduction:  Diabetic cardiomyopathy entails the cardiac injury induced by diabetes, independent of vascular disease or hypertension. Despite numerous experimental studies and clinical trials, the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy remains elusive. Here, we report that chymase, an immediate angiotensin II (AngII)-forming enzyme in(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to assess actual barriers to blood glucose control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and to investigate barrier-related factors in an exploratory manner. METHODS This cross-sectional study assessed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus treated as outpatients at medical institutions within Fukuoka(More)
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