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Recent studies have revealed that vascular cells can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) through NAD(P)H oxidase, which may be involved in vascular injury. However, the pathological role of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase in diabetes or in the insulin-resistant state remains unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of high glucose level and free fatty acid(More)
Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) is a lipid droplet-associated protein that is expressed early during adipose differentiation. The present study was undertaken to reveal the role of ADRP in adipose differentiation. In murine fibroblasts infected with green fluorescent protein (GFP)-ADRP fusion protein expression adenovirus vector, confocal(More)
A growing body of evidence has shown that oxidative stress may be involved in the development of vascular complications associated with diabetes. However, the molecular mechanism for increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in diabetes remains uncertain. Among various possible mechanisms, attention have increasingly been paid to NAD(P)H oxidase as(More)
Gap junction is thought to have a crucial role in maintaining tissue homeostasis. We examined the effect of a high glucose level on gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) activity in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) using the fluorescent dye transfer method. After a 48-h incubation with 22 mmol/l glucose (high glucose level), GJIC(More)
Hyperglycemia appears to be an important etiologic factor in the development of micro- and macrovascular complications in diabetic patients. However, its detailed molecular mechanism remains unclear. Among various possible mechanisms, it is widely accepted that high glucose level and a diabetic state induce protein kinase C (PKC) activation in vascular(More)
In the present study, we have measured protein kinase C (PKC) specific activities and total diacylglycerol (DAG) level in the aorta and heart of rats, which showed that after 2 weeks of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes, membranous PKC specific activity and total DAG content were increased significantly by 88% and 40% in the aorta and by 21% and 72% in(More)
AIM/HYPOTHESIS An increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) could contribute to the development of diabetic nephropathy. NAD(P)H oxidase might be an important source of ROS production in kidney as reported in blood vessels. In this study, we show the increased expression of essential subunits of NAD(P)H oxidase, NOX4 and p22phox, in the kidney(More)
Similar vascular pathological conditions are observed in diabetic animals and those with diet-induced hypergalactosemia. Both diabetes and hypergalactosemia are believed to cause vascular dysfunction via a common biochemical mechanism. In this study, we have found that both diabetes and hypergalactosemia in the short term (2-4 months) can increase total(More)
We recently found a markedly lower prevalence of vascular complications, including kidney disease, in diabetic patients with Gilbert syndrome, a congenital form of hyperbilirubinemia, suggesting a beneficial effect of bilirubin (BIL) on diabetic nephropathy. To directly examine this, we determined whether hereditary hyperbilirubinemic Gunn j/j rats and(More)
The adipocyte-derived hormone resistin has been proposed as a possible link between obesity and insulin resistance in murine models. Many recent studies have reported physiological roles for resistin in glucose homeostasis, one of which is enhancement of glucose production from the liver by up-regulating gluconeogenic enzymes such as glucose-6-phosphatase(More)