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Recent studies have revealed that vascular cells can produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) through NAD(P)H oxidase, which may be involved in vascular injury. However, the pathological role of vascular NAD(P)H oxidase in diabetes or in the insulin-resistant state remains unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of high glucose level and free fatty acid(More)
In the present study, we have measured protein kinase C (PKC) specific activities and total diacylglycerol (DAG) level in the aorta and heart of rats, which showed that after 2 weeks of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes, membranous PKC specific activity and total DAG content were increased significantly by 88% and 40% in the aorta and by 21% and 72% in(More)
Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) is a lipid droplet-associated protein that is expressed early during adipose differentiation. The present study was undertaken to reveal the role of ADRP in adipose differentiation. In murine fibroblasts infected with green fluorescent protein (GFP)-ADRP fusion protein expression adenovirus vector, confocal(More)
Similar vascular pathological conditions are observed in diabetic animals and those with diet-induced hypergalactosemia. Both diabetes and hypergalactosemia are believed to cause vascular dysfunction via a common biochemical mechanism. In this study, we have found that both diabetes and hypergalactosemia in the short term (2-4 months) can increase total(More)
Gap junction is thought to have a crucial role in maintaining tissue homeostasis. We examined the effect of a high glucose level on gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) activity in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) using the fluorescent dye transfer method. After a 48-h incubation with 22 mmol/l glucose (high glucose level), GJIC(More)
Oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. However, the detailed molecular mechanism remains uncertain. Here, we report oxidative mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage and accumulation of mtDNA with a 4,834-bp deletion in kidney of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. At 8 weeks after the onset of diabetes, levels of(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is important in coordinating the cells in maintaining tissue homeostasis and in regulating signal transmission. We examined the effect of elevated glucose on GJIC activity in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. GJIC activity was assessed by quantitating the transfer from cell to cell of directly(More)
A growing body of evidence has shown that oxidative stress may be involved in the development of vascular complications associated with diabetes. However, the molecular mechanism for increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in diabetes remains uncertain. Among various possible mechanisms, attention have increasingly been paid to NAD(P)H oxidase as(More)
Fatty acids stimulate lipid accumulation in parallel with increased expression of adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP) in liver cells. Although it is generally considered that the fatty acid effect on ADRP expression is mediated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), we identified here an additional molecular mechanism using the(More)
Oxidative stress has been paid increasing attention to as an important causative factor for diabetic vascular complications. Among possible various sources, accumulating evidence has indicated that NAD(P)H oxidase may be the most important source for reactive oxygen species production in diabetic vascular tissues. The mechanisms underlying activation and(More)