Toyomitsu Sawai

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Fourteen-membered macrolides (e.g. clarithromycin and erythromycin), but not 16-membered macrolides (e.g. josamycin), are effective in diffuse panbronchiolitis. However, there are no studies that have compared the effects of 14- and 16-membered macrolide antibiotics on biofilm formation. Treatment with high-dose clarithromycin (100 mg/kg) resulted in a(More)
We investigated the activities of linezolid, vancomycin, and teicoplanin in a murine model of hematogenous pulmonary infection with Staphylococcus aureus. Our results demonstrate that linezolid clearly reduced bacterial numbers in the methicillin-resistant S. aureus hematogenous infection model and significantly improved the survival rate of(More)
There has been no literature which reports a case of interstitial lung disease associated with sorafenib. However, a recent post-marketing survey in Japan revealed that interstitial pneumonia occurred in 4 among approximately 2 000 Japanese patients treated with sorafenib. In this article, we describe a Japanese patient with severe interstitial pneumonia(More)
A 40-year-old woman undergoing prednisolone and cyclosporine therapy for subcutaneous panniculitic T-cell lymphoma complained of a cough for a few weeks. A chest X-ray revealed bilateral diffuse granular shadows. Additionally, the patient was discovered to have multiple subcutaneous abscesses. Gram-stained smears of sputum and pus from the abscess showing(More)
Mycobacterium nonchromogenicum is generally considered nonpathogenic. However, M. nonchromogenicum rarely causes human disease; particularly, pulmonary disease is extremely rare. The common finding of M. nonchromogenicum pulmonary infection on chest X-ray is a solitary cavity. The present report describes an unusual case of M. nonchromogenicum primary(More)
Non-tuberculous mycobacterium infection is rarely accompanied by pleural involvement. We report a very rare case of Mycobacterium avium-intracellurare complex (MAC) pleuritis with massive pleural effusion. The patient was a non-compromised 67-year-old female and had been treated for pulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacterium infection. She was admitted to(More)
The novel biological agent recombinant human thrombomodulin (rhTM) has been used clinically in Japan to treat disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) since 2008. Previous studies have shown the efficacy of rhTM versus heparin therapy or non-rhTM therapy. We retrospectively evaluated and compared the efficacies of rhTM and gabexate mesilate (GM) in(More)
A novel, rapid, and noninvasive test (ODK0501) to detect Streptococcus pneumoniae antigen was evaluated in a Japanese multicenter study. ODK0501 uses polyclonal antibodies to detect C polysaccharide of S. pneumoniae from sputum samples by an immunochromatographic assay. The utility of ODK0501 was evaluated for 161 adult patients with lower respiratory tract(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF), the most common lethal hereditary disorder in Caucasians, is quite rare in Southeast Asia including Japan. Here, we report three CF cases encountered in Nagasaki, Japan. Case 1; a 24-year-old man with dyspnea and cough was diagnosed as CF with a missense mutation Q98R in exon 4 and a polymorphic 125C in exon 1 in the cystic fibrosis(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the utility of Gram staining, a urinary antigen detection kit and a sputum antigen detection kit were examined for the rapid and early detection of pneumococcal pneumonia and lower respiratory infectious diseases. METHODS A newly developed sputum pneumococcal antigen detection kit (RAPIRUN), Gram staining, and urinary antigen(More)