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OBJECTIVES Metabolic syndrome is a complex medical disorder characterized by visceral fat-type obesity involving hypertension, and abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between periodontal disease and components of metabolic syndrome (obesity, lipid abnormality, hypertension, and(More)
BACKGROUND An association between periodontal disease and metabolic syndrome based on cross-sectional and case-control studies was recently reported, but their causal relationship has not been fully clarified. The objective of this cohort study is to investigate the association between periodontal disease and changes in metabolic-syndrome components to(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays an important role in the maintenance of bone mass and integrity by activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and by modulation of balance between resorption by osteoclasts and formation by osteoblasts. However, the role of Ang II in the turnover of extracellular matrix (ECM) in osteoid by osteoblasts remains(More)
OBJECTIVE Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from periodontopathic bacteria can initiate alveolar bone loss through the induction of host-derived cytokines. Smoking increases the risk and severity of periodontitis. We examined the effects of nicotine and LPS on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), plasminogen activators (PAs), and their inhibitors,(More)
Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is considered a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome. Periodontal disease is a mild chronic inflammatory disease with systemic effects, and many studies have indicated an association between metabolic syndrome and periodontitis. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between periodontitis(More)
Visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor (vaspin), an adipokine that was recently identified in a rat model of type 2 diabetes, has been suggested to have an insulin-sensitizing effect. In this study, we investigated whether vaspin inhibits receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis using two types of(More)
The association between obesity and inflammation is well documented in epidemiological studies. Proteolysis of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins is involved in adipose tissue enlargement, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) collectively cleave all ECM proteins. Here, we examined the effects of C-reactive protein (CRP), an inflammatory biomarker, on the(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have reported that periodontitis and cardiometabolic disease such as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes are associated; however, there have been very few prospective cohort studies on this topic. Therefore, we conducted a 9-year follow-up study to examine the relationship between the duration of periodontitis and(More)
INTRODUCTION Angiotensin II (Ang II) not only regulates systemic blood pressure through a vasoconstrictive effect, but also promotes bone resorption. We recently reported that Ang II (10(-6) M) stimulated the production of matrix metalloproteinases via the AT1 receptor in osteoblastic ROS17/2.8 cells, but suppressed alkaline phosphatase activity. However,(More)
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